Flu, which can affect anyone, is a viral infection which can be difficult to fight when you have diabetes. Not only can flu bring in added stress to the body, but also affect blood sugar levels.
Important Things To Know And Do With Diabetes And Flu
Identify Symptoms For Prompt Treatment Of Flu
Flu can strike abruptly. There are certain symptoms which can help in identifying flu and streamlining its treatment. These include high fever, severe ache in joints and muscles, feeling of general weakness, headache, sore throat, discharge from the nose, warm flushed skin, watery eyes and dry cough.
It Is Important To Eat And Drink Well In Flu
Flu may take a toll on hunger and thirst. You may not feel like eating or drinking anything. But when living with diabetes, you need to eat regularly to manage blood sugar. You may feel better eating the neutral tasting foods like yogurt, bread or soup.
With diabetes, you should avoid dehydrating yourself. Flu can make drinking more difficult through vomiting and diarrhea. But this raises the need to consume fluids all the more.
Hourly cup of cup of fluid can be good. According to the American Diabetes Association, people having diabetes should opt for the sugar-free drinks like water, sugar-free ginger ale, etc.
(when the blood sugar is high). People having low blood sugar can opt for liquids which have about 15 grams of carbs like a cup of a sports drink.
Follow Sick Day Guidelines When Suffering From Flu
Even if the blood sugar levels are in control, people having diabetes and falling sick with flu-like illness should follow some important steps for healthy living. The diabetes medications or insulin should be taken uninterruptedly during sick days.
Sometimes, you may need to take more insulin during sick days than taken otherwise. You should try to eat and drink considering the carbohydrates you consume on a regular basis. Besides, you should check and record your blood glucose on a 4 – hourly basis.
Keep a watch over your weight and body temperature. In case of severe problems as inability to hold food for more than 6 hours, persistent low or high glucose levels or high temperatures, consult your doctor at the earliest.
Consider Vaccination For Flu To Be Safe
Even though people having diabetes are at increased risk for flu complications, including death, they do not consider getting the flu shot. The American Diabetes Association points out that only one in three people having diabetes take a pneumonia shot.
Getting the flu vaccine is the best way to prevent flu. You should consider getting the vaccine each year after consulting your doctor. The vaccine is safe and has been implemented successfully to many people. The flu shot vaccine, not the nasal spray type of vaccine, should be taken by all unless under exceptional cases where the vaccine is not recommended.
The vaccine, which uses the killed virus, may produce minor side effects like sore or redness. Some people may experience mild fever.People with diabetes should also consider the pneumococcal vaccine. Flu can cause pneumonia which can be taken care of through pneumonia (pneumococcal).