According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 24 million Americans are fighting with diabetes. However, out of them, 6 million people are simply unaware that they are already hit by the ailment, as per the American Diabetes Association (ADA). One of the main reasons for this ignorance or unawareness is that people often tend to consider the early symptoms of diabetes as the signs of some other condition.
Further, sometimes, the early diabetic symptoms often pass unnoticed as well. For example, sudden fatigue can go unnoticed or might be taken as the result of overload at workplace.
Therefore, it is vital to know the early symptoms of diabetes so that you can determine when to take a doctor’s appointment for a quick diagnosis as well as treatment. So, here are the early symptoms of diabetes for you to check out!
The Early Signs & Symptoms of Diabetes
Unexplained Increase in Thirst and Urination
As per the Family Doctor site, frequent urination is the earliest symptom of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In a patient suffering from diabetes, the level of blood glucose rise abnormally due to inadequate production of insulin (type 1) or increasing resistance of the cells towards insulin (type 2).
This increase in the glucose levels forces the kidneys to work too hard to filter and discard the additional sugar via urine. As a result, a patient observes frequent urination that further makes the body crave for more fluids due to dehydration. Now, this thirst is such that even after drinking several glasses of water, the patient might not feel satisfied.
Sudden Increase in Appetite
This is another early symptom of diabetes, which makes the patient crave for more and more foods, especially those that lead to a rise in the level of sugar. In the initial phase of diabetes, the body fights hard to alleviate the high glucose levels wherein the kidneys struggle to filter the blood and discard the additional glucose via urine. During this phase, the body can experience a sudden fall in the glucose levels, which triggers cravings for sweet dishes.
As per MayoClinic.com, excessive thirst coupled with the failure of utilizing glucose efficiently lead to fatigue. This is perhaps due to the fact that the cells crave for energy when glucose as a primary fuel does not processed efficiently.
Therefore, the sudden feelings of weakness as well as tiredness are triggered during the early phases of diabetes.
Recurrent Infections but Deferred Healing
Most studies have shown that a high glucose level is detrimental to the body’s ability to heal the wounds. Therefore, a very early sign of diabetes is the delayed healing of wounds and cuts. Further, frequent infections are also common, especially in women. Most diabetic women tend to experience vaginal or chronic bladder infections.
Loss of Sensation in Hands or Feet
Have you experienced your legs becoming suddenly numb for some seconds? Did you ever felt an extreme tingling sensation in your hands? If yes, then you are likely to be in the early stage of diabetes. The medical explanation for this is that the excess sugar damages your nerve, which leads to numbness and tingling.
According to MayoClinic.com, excess sugar takes away the tissue fluid, which also includes the eye lenses. This results in a reduced ability to focus. If left untreated, it can even invite permanent blindness.