The relationship between diabetes and pregnancy is two-way and both conditions can affect each other. It is very important that when a woman with diabetes gets pregnant, she is kept under strict medical care throughout her term. Her new born is likely to get affected during and after pregnancy owing to the special health concerns during this stage.
Pregnant women need to manage their blood sugar levels (diabetes) and baby development in parallel ways without compromising with any one. Find out some complications which can happen when diabetes and pregnancy are experienced together by a woman.
Complications Of Diabetes In Pregnancy
Inappropriate Glucose Level
Insufficient or excessive glucose is not good for the baby, including the mother. When the glucose levels are too high in diabetes, they can be bad for the growing baby. If a woman has uncontrolled blood sugar prior to pregnancy or during early pregnancy, she may put the baby at specific risk for suffering from birth defects. There is risk for other (diabetes) complications including loss of pregnancy (miscarriage).
Since many pregnant women are actually not aware of their pregnancies too soon, the significance of early screening for diabetes increases even more when there is a considerable risk for diabetes or the same is suspected.
When a pregnant woman has high blood sugar, she may experience labor earlier than her expected/due date. Sometimes, she may be made to deliver early in order to stop the baby from growing excessively and causing difficulties in delivery later.
Early birth can particularly cause a breathing difficulty, known as respiratory distress syndrome, in babies. Such babies need assistance in breathing till their lungs are mature enough.
Too much Birth Weight
In America, almost 7% of pregnant women have gestational diabetes. Even though a woman may be not having gestational diabetes after childbirth, she can be at risk for suffering from diabetes later in life. Gestational diabetes can also put forth problems for her baby. A woman who has experienced gestational diabetes in earlier pregnancy is likely to experience it again.
Gestational diabetes can result into having a large baby, which can complicate delivery, demand a caesarean section or cause stillbirth. When the extra glucose in the blood crosses the placenta, it can disrupt the normal functioning of the baby’s pancreas and lead to macrosomia (excess growth). Such babies are at risk for suffering from birth injuries or cause delivery problems.
A baby whose mother has gestational diabetes can suffer from jaundice after birth. It can cause the skin and eye color to become yellowish. Jaundice, however, may not be harmful to the baby when monitored properly.
Post Delivery Outcomes
Consistent high blood sugar levels throughout pregnancy can be worrying. And if a woman has high sugar levels a day before delivery, her baby can experience seriously low levels of blood glucose after being born. The baby may also experience seizures owing to extremely low blood sugar level(s). Monitoring such babies for several hours after being born becomes crucial. Besides the risk of low blood sugar levels, the baby may also suffer from inadequate calcium and magnesium levels.