No one in the world may like to scratch or prickle all the time, but this is one condition, that most of the diabetic patients, have to face throughout their life. Itching has become almost synonymous with the symptoms and side effects of diabetes, and there seems to be no respite from it.
But, all thanks to the pharmacy companies and these anti-itching ointments, diabetics can take a deep breath of relief and relax a bit, as these ointments are easily available and can be applied on the affected area, to get instant relief. But, have you ever given a thought, as to what are the causes behind this diabetic itching? May be not, but it is necessary to know as well as understand these factors that may result in itching.
Before we explain these causes, the first thing to be understood is that, diabetes in itself is not responsible for itching, neither is it a side effect of diabetic medications. In fact, as we know, diabetes enhances all other medical conditions, and increases their severity; same is the case with itching. So, due to diabetes, immune system of the patient’s body weakens, and so, he/she becomes more susceptible to external infections, and tends to get them more often. The main causes of diabetic itchingare explained further below.
Causes of Diabetic Itching
There are certain bacteria like Staphylococcus that can cause infections on the skin, resulting in swelling, rashes and itching. Although, these bacteria can infect any person exposed to them, but the diabetic patients tend to get infected more, than the normal people. These bacterial infections are a major cause for itching in diabetics, and can be treated by applying some creams or taking some pills.
Fungal infections are generally seen on those areas of the body that remain moist for long time, like foot, toes, armpits etc. The most frequently spotted fungus, causing infections and rashes in the diabetic people, is Candida albicans.
The other most common fungal infections that cause itching in diabetic patients include athlete’s foot, ring worm and jock itch, in addition to the genital infections. In order to get rid of these fungal infections, you need to consult your physician and take his/her prescriptions.
Some people are allergic to certain things, like some specific drugs, needles, insect bites, some particular foods, and even to the insulin. So, if you are diabetic and are having any kind of allergies, then these allergies may also surface in the form of itching and you need to immediately rush to the doctor.
Poor Blood Circulation
Another condition that diabetic patients suffer most often is poor circulation of bloodin their body. This poor circulation often hardens the blood vessels and narrows them down, resulting in insufficient availability of blood to the lower body parts, which may result into severe itching.
Damage of Peripheral Nerves
Sometimes diabetics face the problem of peripheral nerve damage, in which case, the peripheral nerves, mostly in legs and feet, of the person get damaged. This results into burning and itching sensation, in the affected areas, and need immediate medical help.
Atherosclerosis is a condition, wherein the arteries of the person thicken, and is most commonly found in the diabetic patients. This condition leads to poor supply of blood to the skin cell, which results in skin damage, again resulting into severe itching.
The skin conditions like dry or overly moist skin can also cause rashes and itching in the diabetic patients. Poor blood circulation, and yeast infection may also cause rashes in the skin of such patients, leading to itching. This is a fact that, diabetics have to face the problem of itching more, as compared to other people, but these problems can be kept under control, or reduced to quite an extent, by maintaining proper sanitation, hygiene and regular exercising. Also, don’t forget to slip an anti-itching ointment, in your pocket or purse, whenever you go anywhere, to come in handy, at the time of need.