Diabetes is a condition which impacts millions of people every year. This condition is caused due to increased sugar levels in blood and leads to several other complications. Once diagnosed with this condition, it is not possible to reverse the process and get back to being normal.
All you can do is to live with it and bring the required changes in your life, to prevent the condition from worsening. During the early stages, diabetic symptoms can be controlled with healthy diet and proper treatment, but as the diabetes progresses, symptoms become worse and cause several other complications.
The late stage of diabetes is very painful and can be extremely dangerous if proper care is not taken. The late stage of diabetes is identified with certain symptoms. It is important that you take care of your body to delay the appearance of these symptoms, but once they start appearing, fix a regular appointment with your healthcare provider.
Symptoms of Late-Stage Diabetes
In late stages of diabetes, the nerves and blood vessels running through kidneys are damaged due to excess blood glucose levels. This is also known as diabetic nephropathy and is one of main symptoms of late stage diabetes. It creates several problems and person is not able to detect, whether his/her bladder is empty or full.
He/she is also not able to completely empty his/her bladder during urination, which results in infections of urinary tract. The frequency of urination increases, and urine become foul smelling or even bloody. These symptoms are also often accompanied by chills, back pain and fever. The condition can further worsen to result into kidney failure and the person may be required to go on dialysis to remove wastes.
In diabetic patients, the digestion and assimilation of food takes more time than usual. Due to high blood sugar levels, the vagus nerve, responsible for signalling and initiating emptying of stomach gets damaged.
This leads to delayed emptying of stomach, known as gastroparesis and can cause several problems, like bloating, heartburn, anorexia, abdominal pain, vomiting, and fullness of stomach. It can also cause diarrhea and constipation.
Problems in the Limbs
Constant high blood sugar levels damage the nerves of your body. Maximum damage is seen in the feet and lower body parts of the person. The symptoms are pain and numbness of feet. A continuous tingling sensation in hands and feet also accompanies this condition.
Severe damage may even cut off the blood circulation in feet, resulting into swollen and cold feet. Sores, infections, cuts and bruises may also occur on the feet and skin may become hairless and shiny. This can also lead to the development of ulcers, which can eventually become gangrenes, as the patient cannot feel much of pain and sensation due to numbness in feet.
The high sugar levels present in the blood of diabetic patient’s damage the vessels supplying blood to retina, causing them to bulge and leak. Due to this, the retina is not able to get proper blood supply and so essential nutrients and oxygen also do not reach the retina. This triggers abnormal growth of blood vessels, which again get damaged and the vision is hampered. This is known as diabetic retinopathy and can lead to cataract or glaucoma and also in extreme cases, complete loss of vision or blindness.
Diabetics do not have proper blood circulation in their body. This becomes even worse during the later stages, causing several skin complications. Also, in diabetes, the nerves are damaged due to high blood sugar levels, which can cause several skin complications.
Most of these complications are the result of infections caused by bacteria, fungus, virus and other microbes. The later stage of diabetes is characterized by symptoms like, skin ulcers, and sores. The healing of wounds also becomes extremely slow and skin becomes very prone to external infections.
Sexual problems are also one of the major symptoms of late stage diabetes. The symptoms include problems in getting erection or erectile dysfunction in men, and increased infections in vaginal area, decreased vaginal lubrications, fewer orgasms, and difficulty in arousal in women. These problems are caused due to damage of the nerves and blood vessels in the associated organs.
During the later stages of diabetes, the patient may also develop cardiovascular conditions. Due to high blood sugar levels of diabetic patients, the arteries become weak and the risk of getting heart attacks and strokes increases. It becomes even difficult to lay down and sit up, as it may cause dizziness, weakness and vision changes. You need to be specially aware of these symptoms of late stage diabetes and take proper care of your health.