Diabetes results when the pancreas is no longer able to release sufficient insulin to manage the blood sugar in the body. If the diabetes is untreated, the condition might result into several life threatening complications.
Complications of Untreated Diabetes
If there is any nerve damage due to diabetes then the condition is termed as diabetic neuropathy. This condition might cause side effects such as numbness and pain in the feet, hands and legs. The sensitivity reduction can make the diabetics to be more insensitive to the temperature changes and pain. This insensitivity to extreme conditions might enhance the health risk because of sharp objects as well as very hot objects.
If the blood glucose levels are very high and are really uncontrollable, the condition might lead to severe damage of the retina in the eye. The blood vessels that are attached to the retina will get damaged when the blood sugar levels go very high. The early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent the risk of a person, for development of the condition of blindness. This condition can be treated with the help of laser surgery.
The people who have untreated diabetes might develop kidney disease which is also a life threatening condition. If the blood sugar levels have reached 130mg for a very long period, then it will start affecting the vascular system of the body. The vascular system is responsible to transport the blood from and to the important organs including the kidneys.
If the blood vessels are damaged, as the time passes the kidneys also become diseased. Due to this condition, the protein becomes excessive in the urine, legs swell, frequent urination occurs and intense itching sensation occurs. The kidney disease will ultimately result in end stage renal failure. A kidney transplant or dialysis can help the patient to survive.
As per the statistical evaluation of the American Diabetes Association, one of the major factors that cause death in people with diabetes is the heart disease. This might result due to the presence of high blood glucose levels for a very long period. The heart disease begins the problem with blood vessels and vessels of the heart.
When the blood vessels are damaged, the blood flow to the heart and brain will not occur properly. This lack of proper blood flow might lead to heart attack. Regular monitoring of the hemoglobin and cholesterol levels will help the doctor to manage the situation with the medications.
Stroke results when there is any blockage in the flow of blood to the brain due to any blood clot. The blockage also might be due to any damaged artery that does not allow the blood flow to the brain. Stroke can lead to adverse side effects like memory loss, delayed speech, paralysis and coma.
Symptoms of Untreated Diabetes
The type1 diabetes is handled by depending on the insulin injections. Type 2 diabetes is dealt with certain medications which balance the equation between the insulin and blood glucose levels. There is also gestational diabetes that affects the pregnant women.
If any of the diabetes types are not detected yet, the first and common symptom that is experienced is extensive thirst. As the insulin is deficient in the body, much of the glucose will not be made useful to the body and hence will get flushed out. Due to this reason, the person will feel like drinking more water.
Sometimes, it might occur that the person will not be able to satisfy the thirst in spite of drinking water heavily. If anyone is drinking more water or fluids and is not carrying out any strenuous activity then it is an indication that he/she is developing diabetes.
As the person who is developing diabetes feels like drinking more water, obviously he/she will tend to urinate often. The excessive fluid or water that is taken in will be sent out in the form of urine continuously in the case of diabetes.
Hunger and Weight loss
If the person has diabetes for a long period then he/she may feel hungry and the hunger gradually increases. The nutrition needed by the body is not absorbed adequately as the insulin available is not adequate and hence the breakdown of glucose is not done properly. As the energy released from the food is not sufficient, the person will feel hungry. As the person will not be able to get adequate nutrients from the food taken, he/she will lose weight in spite of eating more.
Other symptoms like blurred vision, frequent infections on the gums or skin or vagina or bladder also are observed.