Gastroparesis is a long standing problem which stems from weakening or complete nerve damage (mainly, the vagus nerve). This type of neuropathy retards the rate at which food digests and exits the stomach and occurs as a long term consequence of an elevated blood sugar level. Slow and sluggish gastric emptying can be seen in patients dealing with either type of diabetes (type 1 and type 2).
Gastroparesis in diabetic individuals is characterized by symptoms, such as those of frequent belching, feelings of nausea or vomiting and fall in the level of appetite. The latter inevitably results in poor nutritional support and reduction in body weight. For many, this condition, coupled with diabetes turns into a struggle as they are not fully aware of the recommended dietary guidelines that can assist in attenuating the symptoms and/or complications associated with diabetic gastroparesis. Let’s take a close look at the some of the main dietary tips given below.
Recommended Diet For Diabetic Gastroparesis
Limit Intake of High Fiber Products
It is a well known fact that foods, which are packed with fiber, substantially lengthen the time required for moving bolus of food through the digestive tract. In fact, fiber strands pose a risk of obstructing the gastrointestinal tract as high fiber collects into a rounded mass termed as bezoar.
Many a time, removal of bezoar requires invasive procedures, such as surgery. Some of the fiber rich foods to avoid include raw fruits and vegetables, dried fruits, broccoli to oatmeal. The same stands true for high fiber supplements as they also have a tendency to hamper stomach motility and proper digestion.
Delimit Consumption of High Fat Foods
Foods, which are packed with high fat content, are nothing but a cause for trouble, especially in case of diabetics suffering from gastroparesis. To avoid slow rate of digestion, diabetic patients with gastroparesis must opt for those items which have a considerably low amount of fat.
Products; for example, cheese, full fat milk, fried or greasy food, fruits like avocado and even yoghurt must be slashed off your meal plan. In mild cases, milk shakes (these should not be too thick in consistency) are well tolerated and can be taken for proper calorie as well as nutritional intake.
Liquid Diet for Diabetic Gastroparesis
If you are worried as to how to supplement the body with the required amount of energy and nutrients, there are plenty of healthy choices to look for. Those with diabetic gastroparesis are able to tolerate liquid foods easily as compared to solids.
There is unequivocally no harm in consulting your medical care provider about churning food in the blender so that the consistency can be modified for easy digestion. You can also opt for soups, vegetable juice, high protein smoothies as these hasten the process of gastric emptying.
Rectify Your Eating Pattern
It is advisable for patients with gastroparesis to check their food slowly. Other than that, the amount of food you consume makes a huge difference. It is, therefore, recommended cutting down on the volume of food, and instead opting for small proportions of food at frequent intervals throughout the day. This type of eating schedule certainly favors undelayed gastric emptying.
Also, if you are in the habit of taking a nap after every meal, it is time to let go off this unhealthy habit. To aid quicker and efficient assimilation of food without feeling full or bloated each time, it is always better to go out for a short walk.