Diabetes has established itself as one of the most common diseases effecting adults across the globe. The inefficiency of the body to produce requisite quantities of insulin and insulin resistance, are the major causes that lead to increased blood sugar levels. In certain cases, the body fails to produce any insulin at all and this leads to a total suspension of the breakdown of glucose in the food by natural means.
The administration of insulin through injections is required along with oral drugs, to facilitate the balancing of the sugar levels in the blood stream. The signs and symptoms of the Diabetes are progressive in nature and different symptoms arise in different stages of the disease.
Some of the Main Early Warning Symptoms for Adult Diabetic Onset are:
The increasing sugar levels give rise to frequent urination and excessive sweating in diabetic patients. This leads to an increase in the thirst levels and the urge to drink fluids. Dehydration is an important symptom of Diabetes and is present to a certain level in the other types of diabetic patients as well.
Reduction in body mass
As the disorder progresses, the energy requirements of the body are fulfilled through the breakdown of the reserve fats and accumulated tissues in the body. The disability of the body to utilize the consumed food to produce energy, leads to weight loss in diabetic patients. This unexplained reduction in the body mass is one of the major symptoms of Diabetes.
Dizziness and the urge to throw up
The autoimmune response of the islets in the pancreases leads to the non production of insulin in the body. One of the other important causes for the same can be attributed to a possible viral attack on the pancreas.
The deficiency of units of ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate), because of the reduced levels of glucose in the body cells, often leads to vomiting and nausea. These are some of the first symptoms depicting the onset of the disease.
Increased thirst levels
The increased concentration of glucose in the blood stream, due to the inefficiency of the body system to metabolize it into energy, triggers off signals for its dilution. This increases the thirst levels in diabetic patients and creates a strong urge to drink a lot of water and other fluids. In other words, the increased thirst levels or Polydipsia is another important symptom of the disease.
Weariness and low energy levels
Fatigue and weariness is increased in diabetic patients to a great extent, and this makes it difficult for the diabetic patients to devote long hours to physical activity. Due to an increase in the levels of insulin in the body, the cells find it difficult to convert glucose into energy. In the absence of natural blood sugar breakdown and normal energy levels, the body starts breaking down the reserved fats in the body to produce energy. This leads to further depletion in the energy levels and causes a negative calorie effect which leads to fatigue and weariness.
One of the main functions of insulin, along with the proper maintenance of blood sugar levels, is the stimulation of hunger. The external administration of insulin leads to sudden hunger pangs in the patients.
If the patient starts feeling hungry within a couple of hours of having consumed a major meal, then it is an important sign of Diabetes.
The excessive levels of glucose in the blood stream are ejected out of the body through frequent urination. A large amount of water is lost and this leads to dehydration in diabetic patients. Polyuria is one of the common symptoms of both types of Diabetes.
It is very easy to get tired and irritable as the disorder increases. The reduced supply of glucose to the body organs and the brain, leads to this increase in irritability.
Body Weight reduction
Glucosuria, polyuria, metabolism of proteins and body fats, lead to unexplained reduction in the body mass and weight. Loss in weight is one of the primary symptoms of Diabetes and it leads to decreased energy and fatigue.
The decreased efficiency of the immune system of the body, gives rise to an increased frequency of bacterial or fungal infections on the skin and urinary tract. The fluctuations in the blood sugar levels are responsible for these infections which may take a long time to heal.
Poor Healing of Wounds
The increased levels of blood sugar, leads to suppression in the efficiency of the immune system of the body. This is caused due to the low production of the white blood corpuscles in the cells. The wounds, blisters, cuts, sores and calluses take a long time to heal in diabetic patients. As the disease reaches its advanced stages, the damages that take place in the nerves and the blood vessels, restrict the supply of oxygen, nutrients and other substances required for the speedy healing and cure of the wounds and cuts.
Thickening of the blood in patients with long standing Diabetes and poor performance of the blood circulatory system also prevents the early healing of wounds. If proper care is not taken, then this symptom may become difficult to control and can lead to amputation of portions of the leg, toes or feet.
Eye and Vision Problems
Many diabetic patients start finding it difficult to focus, as they start having blurry vision and various other eye problems. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome, leads to the extraction of fluids from the lenses of the eye and this leads to various eye and vision problems.
The symptoms of Diabetes are generally progressive in nature and reveal themselves as the duration of the disease becomes longer. Tight control over blood sugar levels through proper diet control, regular exercise, proper intake of medicines, insulin injections and a positive outlook towards life, can help in the prevention of many symptoms and diabetic complications. It is important to consult the proper medical experts at the right time, to facilitate proper management and control of Diabetes.
Photo Credit: http://health.allrefer.com/health/type-ii-diabetes-low-blood-sugar-symptoms.html