Diagnosing diabetes at the early stage helps to reduce the risk of developing diabetes- related complications. Unfortunately, the symptoms appear to be harmless at the early stage of diabetes, which is the main reason why many people choose to ignore the first symptoms of diabetes.
To make matters worse for a large number of type 2 diabetes patients, symptoms are usually noticeable at the advanced stage of diabetes. Nonetheless, certain changes in the body that appear to be unusual require medical attention. The early symptoms of diabetes may vary from person to person. Moreover, the first signs of type 1 and type 2 diabetes may differ.
First Signs of Diabetes
Increase in hunger is a classic sign of diabetes. Glucose is the main fuel source of the body. When insulin production dips or resistant to insulin prevents the body cells from absorbing glucose from the bloodstream, the cells do not get glucose needed for meeting their energy needs. The glucose deprived cells trigger hunger signals to increase calorie intake.
However, if you are diabetic, increase in appetite may not push up your body weight. Despite increase in calorie intake, diabetics experience unintended weight loss. It is more common in people suffering from type 1 diabetes. Increased excretion of sugar contributes to calorie loss. In addition, your body switches to alternative energy sources, breaking down fats and proteins to meet its energy needs. As a result, your body weight starts falling.
Frequent Urination and Increase In Thirst
The sugar overload in the blood prevents the kidneys from absorbing the sugar from the bloodstream. The excess sugar passes into the urine.
To enable sugar excretion fluids are drawn from the body tissues, thereby increasing urine output. Elimination of too much water from the body triggers thirst, which further increases the frequency of urination.
Since your body cannot use sugar to meet its energy requirement, you will become tired easily. Dehydration caused by increase in urination is a prominent cause of fatigue.
Diabetics are susceptible to infections. Excess sugar in the blood slows down the activities of the immune system, increasing the risk of developing bacterial, viral and fungal infections.
Recurrent infections of the urinary tract and skin and frequent vaginal infections in women are common in diabetics. If you are prone to frequent infections, your doctor may recommend blood tests to check the sugar level of your blood.
Slow Wound Healing
Slow healing of wounds and sores is another symptom of diabetes. Excess sugar circulating in the blood weakens the natural healing mechanism.
Tingling In Hands and Feet
Diabetes is associated with nerve damage. Tingling or numbness in hands and feet may indicate nerve damage.
Itching can be a sign of diabetes. Itching occurs when diabetes causes skin dryness, slow down in blood circulation or infections of the skin or genital area.
When your body cannot use sugar, it breaks down fats to meet its energy needs. Acetone, a type of ketone produced during fat metabolism, causes fruity breath.