Elderly diabetics need special foot care. Diabetic complications are prone to develop, if they have been suffering from diabetes since a long time or if they have poorly controlled glucose levels. Diabetic ulcers are prone to develop in such cases. The poorly controlled glucose predisposes the chances to infection.
Then there is the factor of diabetic neuropathy. The decreased sensitivity to pain causes small cuts and bruises to go unnoticed. Special foot care in elderly diabetics will prevent such complications from developing.
Foot Care Tips for Elderly Diabetics
Examine your foot daily. Look out for any small cuts, bruises or discolorations. Those small reddened inflamed areas could very easily flare up in diabetes. Look for any signs of injury between and beneath your toes too. If you cannot see all areas of the foot on your own get somebody’s help or use a mirror. You could get your foot examined by your physician when you go for your routine checkup. Look out for corns and callosities too. Trim your toe nails properly.
Maintaining proper hygiene is a must for elderly diabetics for proper foot care. Keep the feet of an elderly diabetic clean and dry. Wash your foot with soap and water and pat it dry with a towel. Since the feet of an elderly diabetic are almost always dry, you could apply lotion, but rub of the excess as it is best not to leave your foot moist. Keeping the area between the toes dry is important as moisture could easily lead to the development of a fungal infection.
Do not cut corns or callosities by yourself, as this could lead to infections. Do not use chemicals too. Instead, have them treated by a professional. Always wear proper foot wear. Never use any hard substance like a pumic stone to rub your feet as there are chances of getting injured. If there is any cut or bruise, however big or small, it is best advised to care for it properly. Wash and dress it . Never leave it open. If there are any signs of infection, consult your doctor immediately.
Wear proper foot wear. It should have proper support for the tender areas and it should fit comfortably too without any overcrowding. Always wear foot wear while going out. It is best to use foot wears with soft soles. Never walk bare feet. Walking bare foot increases the chances of injury. Walking bare foot also increases the chance of getting an infection. Avoid standing for long time or putting too much pressure on any particular area of your foot.
As part of caring for your foot, get your diabetes under control. Eat a well balanced and low fat diet. Include plenty of fruits and vegetables. These would supply your body with nutrients that would keep you fit and aid in foot healing too. Get some exercise too. Walking is the best mode of exercise. But take care while walking, to use proper shoes. Drink lots of fluids including water. Get adequate sleep and proper sleep to give you a healthy life.