Surging rate of diabetic patients is a big concern in most countries of the world, encompassing both, the developed and developing countries. This increase in the number of diabetic patients can be associated to the unhealthy life style and unawareness, regarding the symptoms and prevention methods for this disease.
Diabetes results from hyperglycemia or increased blood sugar levels and further results into disruption of the entire blood glucose cycle. This leads to uncontrolled blood glucose levels and may result into many health complications. The onset of this disease is characterized by moderate increase in the body glucose levels, which if went unchecked, can have severe implications and may lead to full blown, Type I diabetes and further to Type II diabetes.
The early stage of diabetes is also known as Mild diabetes and it is characterized by moderate increase in blood glucose level, to range anywhere between 100mg to 126mg, during fasting. If this mild diabetes is not identified and controlled at the right time, then it may lead to several health disorders, like, retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy, and may even result in organ failure. Thus, the identification of the symptoms of mild diabetes is extremely important, in order to keep this condition into control, and prevent it from deteriorating any further. There are some most common symptoms, which can help you in this regard.
Symptoms of Mild Diabetes
Frequent and Prolonged Infections
One of the prominent symptoms of mild diabetes is that, you start to catch infections at faster rate and these infections start taking more than usual time, to heal. The excess body glucose attracts more pathogens to the human body, as they find a better suited environment to thrive, which in turn, results into infections like, itching, and rashes. These infections also sustain for longer durations in the body, as the medications are rendered less effective.
Slow Healing Process
Excess glucose delays the healing process, by enhancing production of free radicals. These free radicals block the path of oxygen circulating in the blood and prevent it from reaching the affected area, thereby reducing the effectiveness of medications and ointments.
Thus, cuts and bruises, along with other infections, take more than usual time to heal.
Hypoglycemia is the condition, where blood glucose level falls, well below normal, i.e., below 70mg per dl. It is also a major symptom of mild diabetes and the patient may feel dizziness, hunger, clammy skin, and increased pulse rate. In severe condition, excessive shaking, blurred vision and inability to coordinate is seen, and the patient may even become unconscious or have seizures.
Increased Urination and Unappeasable Thirst
A person suffering from mild diabetes is always thirsty and has to urinate several times during the day or night. This happens because the extra glucose enters the blood, and so kidneys have to work extra, to remove that glucose from blood and absorb it within the kidney cells. The excess sugar, which cannot be removed by the kidneys, is secreted in urine, and it results in frequent urination, and to cover up for that water shortage, you also need to drink lots of liquids.
Blurring of Vision
Blurring of vision is another symptom of mild diabetes. In this condition, the excess blood glucose pulls out the fluid content from body tissues, including those of eyes, and lenses inside the eyes. This results into blurred vision, and may also lead to blindness, if not taken care of. Usually, this symptom surfaces, after some time of acquiring the disease, but nevertheless should be taken seriously.
Unwanted Weight Loss
As we know, in any kind of diabetes, including mild diabetes, glucose is excreted out of the body, by the way of frequent urination. This leads to excessive loss of calories, which means the cells do not get ready source of energy to burn.
Diabetes also prevents the glucose present in the human body, from reaching the cells, by intercepting it in the way, which again means that cells do not get glucose to burn and produce energy. To compensate for this loss, the body cells start breaking down the deposited fat, and muscle tissues, resulting into rapid weight loss, which is one of the most prominent symptoms to identify mild diabetes.
Fatigue and Weakness
This is another symptom for mild diabetes, and occurs as glucose, the instant source of energy, is not able to enter the body cells. This is because, in diabetes, either the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin, or the body cells become resistant to it, and stop reacting. Now, since it is insulin only that helps in the movement of glucose from blood stream to the inside of cells, so it also means that cells do not get enough glucose to burn. This results in reduced energy generation, and so, you feel weak, tired and exhausted.
Numbness of Limbs
The numbness of limbs is known as neuropathy in diabetes, and is a symptom that becomes apparent after some time of the onset of this disease. In this condition, gradually, the consistent high blood sugar levels injure the nervous system of the patient, with maximum impact being on the extremities. It further reduces the sensibilities of nerve fibers, present in the limbs, i.e. hands and feet, of the patient, causing a tingling sensation, and making them numb.
Decreased Genital Functions
Symptoms of mild diabetes also include adverse affects on the genitalia. This is observed in the form of vaginal dryness, decreased periods, erectile dysfunction, and even early menopause in women. Infections may also develop in these parts and cause inflammation, leading to extreme pain and discomfort.
Mild diabetes is the first warning sign for the patients, and it is very important to identify and diagnose this condition in the initial stage only, to prevent further complications, as it leads to more severe form of diabetes. These above mentioned symptoms can help you in identifying the onset of this disease and may help prevent further complications, from popping up. As we all know that, diabetes cannot be treated completely, but by being aware of its symptoms, we can keep it under control, and prevent it from becoming a big problem.
Photo Credit: http://transplant.surgery.ucsf.edu/conditions–procedures/type-1-diabetes.aspx