Diabetes insipidus has several features which makes it different from the regular types of diabetes. In comparison to the involvement of production and response of insulin in regular diabetic patients, ADH or anti-diuretic hormone is responsible for triggering off the signs and symptoms of Diabetes insipidus.
Children suffering from the signs of Diabetes insipidus have low or negligible production of this hormone. In certain cases the body’s response to ADH becomes comparatively weaker and does not allow the kidney to function normally. This leads to the situation where the kidney starts expelling hydration at a faster speed, leading to more frequent urges for urination and thirst.
The child should be made to consult a doctor immediately to diagnose the stage of Diabetes insipidus and take timely remedial measures. The treatment of the two types of Diabetes insipidus varies and the processes are dependent on whether the diagnosed symptoms relate to central diabetes insipidus or nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
Prevention of Diabetes Insipidus in Children
Drinking Plenty of Water
Precaution is always better than cure and all the more when it is connected to the health and well being of young children. All patients suffering from the symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus should drink plenty of water to replenish the lost quantities.
As Diabetes Insipidus leads to frequent visits to the toilet and the urge to drink plenty of water, it is important to keep serving the child with glasses of water at regular intervals. According to experts the child should be administered equivalent or more quantities of water than what is lost across the day.
Prescription medicines recommended by medical experts for managing the levels of urine production, help in bringing the output of water excretion back to the normal levels. These medicines are prescribed to patients suffering from the signs and symptoms of central diabetes insipidus.
Hydrochlorothiazide or indomethacin drugs are prescribed by experts to patients suffering from nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. As the incidence of diabetes insipidus can also be in response to the intake of certain prescription drugs, it is important to consult a doctor with any developments or changes in the patterns of urination after taking any prescribed medicines.
It has been established that diabetes insipidus, if left in an untreated condition can lead to impaired mental functions, brain damage, hyperactivity, mental retardation, restlessness and/or short attention spans. The prevention of diabetes insipidus in school going children becomes difficult due to their activities and regimes which keep them away from the care and supervision at home.
Sporting activities in school and recreation times leads to perspiration and increased levels of thirst. Children suffering from the symptoms of diabetes insipidus should be administered regular doses of water and other energy drinks to keep them from collapsing. Proper instructions to the school authorities and the submission of a health certificate and doctor’s prescription to the physical education instructors can help in the management of preventive measures of diabetes insipidus in children.
Low Intake of Sodium
Intake of low Sodium diet and low salt content in food also restrains the urge of frequent thirst and urination. The preventive measures are however dependent on the child’s age, medical history and overall health. They are also implemented in accordance with the individual child’s tolerance levels for procedures, medications and therapies.
Photo Credit: http://www.scripps.org/articles/2780-diabetes-insipidus-nephrogenic