Diabetes is a disease which occurs when body does not give response to the insulin hormone any more or when there is scarce insulin production in the body. Insulin, a hormone released by the pancreatic cell, is highly responsible for the uptake of blood glucose by the cells of liver, muscles and fat tissue.
An absence of insulin or the unresponsiveness of body towards this hormone can lead to elevated levels of glucose in blood. This elevated blood glucose level along with decreased blood flow due to diabetes can result in a condition known as diabetic neuropathy.
The term ‘Neuropathy’ is referred to the damage of nerves. Diabetes result in the damage of peripheral nerves igniting symptoms such as tingling in hands fingers, toes and feet, numbness in hands and feet, proximal muscle weakness, erectile dysfunction and many other disorders. Autonomic neuropathy may cause hypoglycemia.
Tips to Prevent Diabetic Neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy produces certain disorders that may be quite difficult to bear while carrying out the normal routine activities. There are available many effective treatments for this consequence of diabetes but prevention is still better. Following are some ways regarding ‘how to prevent diabetic neuropathy’.
The best way to prevent diabetic neuropathy is to control the diabetes. To control diabetes means to control its consequences. The first thing to do when controlling diabetes is the maintaining of blood pressure and the blood sugar levels.
Maintain Blood Sugar Level
Keep a daily check of its values. People with diabetes must have their target blood glucose level 70 to 130 before meals and less than 180 after the meals.
Maintain Blood Pressure
As mentioned before, controlling diabetes means to control its consequences and high blood pressure is the most common and the main result of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, when the appropriate receptors for insulin are damaged due to an autoimmune reaction, the insulin levels begin building up in blood causing insulin resistance and this can be the main reason for the development of hypertension.
Keeping the blood pressure within normal range can prevent the dangerous consequences of diabetes such as damage to heart, kidneys, eyes and blood vessels. Check your blood pressure values daily and make sure that it do not rise above 120/80.
Maintaining Cholesterol Levels
Another way to control diabetes in order to make out a way for ‘how to prevent diabetic neuropathy’ is maintaining the cholesterol levels in the body. Normal cholesterol levels can prevent the major consequences of diabetes which are the risks of having heart disease and stroke. When cholesterol levels are under control, blood flow will also be normal.
Health of Your Feet
The most dangerous consequence of diabetic neuropathy is the development of foot ulcers and infections of leg which can lead to its amputation. It begins as neuropathic foot pain and ends up in foot or leg infection, ulceration, poor circulation and eventually its amputation. Hence, if there is an appearance of any cut or wound on the foot or leg of diabetes affected individual, a doctor must immediately be consulted.
Adopt a Healthy Lifestyle
Giving up smoking, alcohol; adopting a healthy diet; and daily exercises can help the diabetic patients to lead a healthy life.