It is common to find people who are completely unaware of the presence of Diabetes in their body systems. The signs and symptoms of this disease are quite harmless in their individual capacity and are passed off without being given any serious medical attention.
It is important to recognize the symptoms of Diabetes at an early stage, so that all the right precautions and medications can be administered without waiting for the serious complications to reveal themselves.
Recognizing Some Common Symptoms and Signs of Diabetes
If you find yourself urinating more frequently than usual and visiting the bathroom at shorter durations, then it may be one of the earliest tell tale signs of Diabetes. The failure of the kidney to filter the excessive glucose content back into the blood stream, in the absence of adequate levels of insulin, creates the urge for frequent urination. The water present in the blood is withdrawn to dilute the high sugar levels and this fills up the bladder and causes patients to urinate more often than usual.
Disproportionate Levels of Thirst
The urge to drink excessive quantities of water and other fluids is directly related to the frequency of urination. The need to replace the lost liquid content is fulfilled by drinking more water than usual. You can recognize the presence of Diabetes by checking on the total quantum of water intake consumed on a daily basis.
The absence or low levels of insulin in the body leads to lower level of energy, as the digestive system fails to function in the normal manner. The rate of breakdown of consumed food to release adequate amount of calories, is quite low in diabetic patients and this leads to sudden hanger pangs and cravings to eat more than usual. This is a common sign which leads to the diagnosis of the disease in future.
Obesity and Gain in Weight
The urge to eat more and frequent eating habits, leads to an increase in weight in diabetics. It is quite common to find obese people being diagnosed for Diabetes at some stage of their lifetime.
Unusual Weight Loss
Diabetes Type 1 patients are more likely to undergo major loss in weight. The absence of insulin in the cells leads to a reduction in the glucose level, which acts as an important source of energy. This in turn leads to the breakdown of fat and muscle tissues to release the much needed energy for the proper functioning of various metabolic activities. Weight loss also takes place in Diabetes Type 11 patients, but the process is more gradual.
It is common to find diabetic patients getting listless and easily tired. The absence of glucose in the cells to provide energy, leads to increased fatigue and lower levels of enthusiasm. These people have an extremely low urge for physical activities and often spend long hours resting or relaxing.
The lower energy levels and higher fatigue levels makes diabetic patients irritable and nervous. They find it difficult to manage real life situations in an amiable manner and often have very poor anger management techniques.
Blurred vision and the inability to focus properly is one of the other important symptoms of Diabetes. The tissues get pulled back from the eye lenses and this leads to multiple problems related to the eye and vision.
As the disease proceeds towards its advanced stages, the patients may suffer from complete blindness or prolonged vision problems.
Poor Healing of Cuts and Bruises
If you find that your cuts or bruises are taking longer than usual to heal, then the condition may be the result of increased levels of glucose in the blood stream. Such patients are advised to go in for proper blood tests to measure the levels of blood sugar in their body.
Yeast or Skin Infections
The presence of high blood sugar levels makes it difficult for infections to heal speedily. Diabetic women suffering from vaginal and bladder infections, also find the healing process prolonged and painful.
One of the other common recognizable symptoms of Diabetes is the presence of itchiness in the skin.
Swollen and Red Gums
Dental issues and problems are often caused due to the presence of excessive blood sugar in the body. If your gums appear to be swollen or red and you feel your teeth loosening due to the pulling away of gums, then you may be suffering from the early symptoms of Diabetes.
As Diabetes advances to its later stages, the gums become prone to more infections and the dental condition deteriorates in most cases,
Diabetic patients above 50 years of age, often suffer from erectile dysfunction, which leads to sexual problems. This is one of the most important and common signs of the disease in men.
Tingling or Numbness in the Feet and Hands
The tiny blood vessels which feed the nerves and the nerve endings reaching the far flung digits of the hand and feet get damaged due to excessive sugar levels in the blood. Tingling or numbness in these regions is a common feature in diabetic patients.
Diabetes is generally classified as Diabetes Type 1 and type 11. The signs and symptoms are largely related to the type of disease which is diagnosed in the body system. One of the most concerning issues connected with these signs is the fact that they do not define Diabetes in a unique way. Headaches, weight gain, infections, vision problems and some other harmless symptoms are connected with many other physical conditions and this makes most people ignore their presence until more serious symptoms appear.
The common signs and symptoms of Diabetes should be taken seriously and the prolonged presence of any of these factors should be referred to the medical experts with immediate effect. Diabetes is a life style disease and leads to serious medical conditions. Diagnosis at an early stage and proper co-operation with the health team helps in proper management of the disease, which in turn leads to a more healthy and active life.