Diabetes is a condition in which the body cells become unable to absorb glucose from blood either due to lack of insulin production by the pancreatic cells or due to the inadequate working of the target receptors. As a result, the cells are devoid of the proper glucose supply and the blood levels of glucose remain high.
Neuropathy is a common consequence of diabetes. The raised blood sugar levels can cause damage to the peripheral nerves resulting in peripheral neuropathy. According to an estimate, about 60-70 % of diabetes affected individuals suffer from peripheral neuropathy.
Ways to Treat Diabetic Neuropathy
Symptoms of numbness, pain and tingling in arms, hands, fingers, legs, feet and toes; nausea, dizziness, weakness, vaginal dryness, erectile dysfunction, stiffness of wrist, hand, hip and knee, etc. can occur due to diabetic neuropathy. Due to an autonomic neuropathy, internal organ functions can be affected such as functions of heart, lungs, urinary system, sweat glands, etc.
Autonomic neuropathy can also cause hypoglycemia. Neuropathy of motor nerves can lead to proximal muscle weakness whereas, that of sensory nerves can lead to loss of sensations and sensations of tingling and numbness in different parts of body.
Well, these symptoms are difficult to survive with. However, there are several ways to treat diabetic neuropathy. But the question arises, ‘how to treat diabetic neuropathy? Well, treatments for this consequence of diabetes include medications, physical therapies, nerve stimulations, and many more.
If there is a painful neuropathy, then pain relievers such as gabapentin are prescribed. Although, it is an epileptic drug, it is helpful to ease the pain that occurs due to neuropathy.
Other drugs such as duloxetine hydrochloride, amitriptyline, which are anti-depressants, are used to relieve pain in diabetic neuropathy. Moreover NSAIDS such as Ibuprofen, a pain reliever, may also be prescribed. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors are also known to relieve pain due to neuropathy.
Physical therapies such as muscle stretching, exercises and massages can help the patients who suffer from muscle cramps, spasms and weakness. It also helps to relieve pain and tingling sensations. It stands to be an alternative treatment to drugs. Therapeutic ultrasound, hot wax and short wave diathermy are also known to benefit by reducing pain and giving massage to muscles.
Electric Nerve Stimulation
Electric nerve stimulation is a technique in which low voltage current is used to stimulate the nerves. It has proved to be useful in reducing the stiffness and pain symptoms of diabetic neuropathy and hence, improves mobility. Moreover, it heals the foot ulcers as well.
The best way of ‘how to treat diabetic neuropathy’ is by controlling diabetes. Controlling diabetes refers to the control of its consequences. An effected individual must keep the blood pressure within the normal range. Moreover, a careful monitoring of blood glucose level must be done to prevent its levels to rise in the blood.
Prevent alcohol and smoking. Cholesterol levels must be kept low. Exercise regularly and keep a balanced diet intake. A big consequence of diabetic neuropathy is the loss of sensations of feet, infections of leg and foot; and foot and leg ulcers. Hence, the effected individuals must take great care of their feet and check every day for if any blister, cut or redness appears.
Diabetes Neuropathy is not a life taking disease if one follows proper steps to keep the blood pressure and blood sugar levels in control. Moreover, weight control is also necessary and a proper check and control of the diet must be carried out.