Most people having diabetes had prediabetes, whether identified or unidentified. The lack of noticeable symptoms make it difficult for diagnosing prediabetes which puts you at the threshold of diabetes when you are not taking appropriate treatment and preventive measures to control it.
Although the blood glucose levels are higher than normal in prediabetes, you are still not diagnosed with diabetes. Nonetheless, prediabetes may increase the risk for many illnesses particularly those related to the heart and circulation when you have suffered long enough. It is imperative to adopt treatment measures as early as possible.
Medications may not be completely sidelined when treating prediabetes but research reveals that by adopting healthy lifestyle changes, prediabetes may benefit more in the long run. Treatment primarily focuses on the following things.
Treatment Options For Prediabetes
It is important to watch your weight as most people with prediabetes are overweight – having a body mass index (in short, BMI) of 25 or more. Keeping weight within healthy parameters is inherently crucial to keep many illnesses at bay and the significance of weight management is more for overweight/obese people.
A BMI of 25 or more indicates weight loss of the order of 5-10% of body weight. This can reduce the risk for developing type 2 diabetes by helping your body use insulin in an appropriate manner. Besides enhancing insulin resistance, weight loss and management can also provide other health benefits and overall sense of fitness and active living.
Eating right is very important for healthy living and enhancing the body’s capability to fight an illness or anomaly. By making appropriate food choices, there is a likelihood of reversing prediabetes and avoiding the development of type 2 diabetes.
Eat a balanced diet with lots of nutrients. Restrict calories consumed through food; limit sweets and saturated fats. Include more of the soluble fiber in your diet. Choose foods low in fat and calories and high in fiber. Eat more of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Choose different foods so that you do not limit yourself either in taste or in nutrition.
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By being active, you increase your body’s capacity to utilize glucose for energy. The more active you are, the better it can be. An active living can reduce insulin build up within the body (insulin resistance).
If you have not been active before, begin with moderate physical activity. About two and half hours of weekly exercising/physical activity may be good. If you wish to undertake vigorous activity, one and half hours of weekly exercising may be sufficient. Generally, moderate activity is safe for people. Discuss with your health care provider when framing a fitness program.
There are several options for exercising like brisk (daily) walking, biking, swimming, etc. You can also consider doing several smaller sessions in a day instead of doing an extensive one.
Smoking, cholesterol and blood pressure level
If you smoke, quit as soon as you can. Smoking can increase the risk for many health illnesses and stopping it can do more good besides reducing the risk for type 2 diabetes. Keep a watch over blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
High blood pressure can have a two-way adverse effect on the body – it can cause high blood glucose levels and can also be an effect of high blood glucose levels. Keeping cholesterol under control is also important as high cholesterol can increase the risk for type 2 diabetes.