Diabetes is a chronic disorder wherein the body fails to convert starch and sugar into energy which leads to increased blood sugar. Various food products that we eat gets converted into glucose which is a kind of sugar and then it is distributed throughout the body. Insulin is the hormone that converts glucose into energy that is consumed by the body.
People suffering from diabetes either face issues creating insulin or even if it produced, it is not used rightly.
Two Types of Diabetes are:
This is also termed as Juvenile Onset Diabetes where the body doesn’t produce insulin or is very limited. It can happen in childhood, teen or can be inherited. To deal with this type of diabetes patients need to take insulin injections to balance the body sugar and strict care of food also needs to be maintained.
Type 2 diabetes is also called as Adult onset diabetes that usually occurs at the age of 35 to 40 years. This type is common among the two and accounts for around 80% diabetic cases.
In this case insulin is produced by the body but the blood cells do not react properly towards it. Obesity can be one common reason to this, weight loss plan and dietary control can help you stay fit.
Do’s and Dont’s for Both Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes:
Eat Balanced Diet
A diabetic patient needs to monitor his meals and the diet has to be high fiber, low sugar and low in fat. Food that is good for diabetic is Fenugreek, Bitter Gourd, Garlic, Indian Blackberry, Flaxseed, Onion, and Cinnamon solution. Make sure to eat proteins in every meal and limit intake of trans fat.
Increase Fiber in your Diet
Soluble fibers can control blood sugar , it is easily found in oatmeal. Apple, kidney beans, soyabans etc. It helps in slow digestion that helps the nutrients to absorb leading to slow production of glucose that a diabetic body can make use of.
In order to reduce the blood sugar level, slight exercise or a regular walk is a must as the active muscles would need glucose and the excess blood sugar gets consumed. It should be done in consultation with the doctor, moving to a strenuous level of exercising should be gradual.
Regular monitoring of blood sugar level is a must, keep a record with the testing machine that are easy to use at home or you can get Hemoglobin A1c test done in the hospital where you can compare the sugar level of 3 to 6 months.
Diabetic patients should have meals at a fixed hour and follow a daily routine of regular exercise. Odd timings and eating habit can increase your sugar level.
Keep checking your feet on regular intervals for any kind of sores or blisters. Keeps your feet clean and nails trimmed, any signs of change or extremely bad odor should be reported immediately.
Salt and Sugar are Enemies
One of the biggest culprit for diabetes is salt, one must reduce the intake of inorganic salt because you get enough in organic form from the vegetables. Also any form of sugar, be it table sugar or sucrose provides only carbohydrate and calories. Make use of natural sugar like jaggery or honey because sucrose needs calcium to be digested and excess intake of sucrose can harm your bones as the calcium deficiency is leached from there.
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Any form of smoking can cause complication among diabetics, it damages the blood vessels and quitting it completely is the only option.
Don’t Exercise Under these Conditions
Exercise should always be done under the guidance of a physician, do not exercise if you have been experiencing too low or too high fasting blood sugar. Symptoms like neuropathy or retinopathy can get worse with exercise.
Excessive drinking can be a risk for diabetes, eliminating drinking is always a good idea but if you cannot then you can always limit it. A diabetic should not consume more that two drink in a day.
Excessive Fat Intake
Excess fat is harmful for everyone and a major risk factor for diabetics. Try omitting fried food from your diet but you can always have small quantity of oil in your diet which is must to absorb Vitamins especially Vitamin E that is a fat soluble vitamin.
Don’t Opt for Refined Food
Replace your refined food with whole grain food like whole wheat, unpolished rice or soya breads.
Tea or Coffee
Not more than 2 cups a day and avoid taking sugar in it. Choosing herbal tea over conventional tea is an ideal option.