Diabetes is a chronic disease which can affect the functioning of several organs if the blood sugar levels are not kept under control. Diabetes as such needs constant monitoring and management in order to prevent these complications.
The key to preventing these complications is to keep the blood sugar levels under control, through diet, exercise and of course medications. This is really important as these complications could be life threatening, such as the heart diseases associated with diabetes.
Complications Of Diabetic Heart Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Commonly known as CAD, this is one of the complication of diabetes to heart. Diabetes could lead to clogging of blood vessels, often the blood vessels leading to heart and brain. This causes narrowing of the blood vessels leading to the heart. This could affect the functioning of the heart muscles. The plaques formed are mainly fatty deposits. When these plaques rupture this could travel through the blood vessel and get lodged in any of the vessels of the heart.
Thus Coronary artery disease could cause heart failure. The person very often experiences vague chest pains, swelling of ankle etc. The heart failure is a life threatening condition, if not attended to properly. In order to manage the coronary artery disease, it is imperative that the blood sugar levels be kept under control. Cholesterol levels, especially LDL or the bad cholesterol levels too should be under control. The blood pressure too needs constant monitoring. If you are obese, then the weight definitely has to come down.
Heart failure is a complication of heart disease associated with diabetes. Heart failure could also be caused by several other conditions. Coronary artery disease or clogging of arteries very often lead to heart failure. During heart failure, the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the demands of the body. Sudden failure could result in symptoms of heart attack. But chronic heart failure could present with features such as shortness of breath while during strenuous physical activity and leg swelling. Very often, those with diabetes also suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure. This could also attribute to heart failure. Obesity is another major risk factor for diabetic heart diseases.
Diabetes causes stroke by narrowing of blood vessels leading to the brain. Diabetic heart disease could also lead to stroke by causing sudden ischemia or reducing the blood supply to the brain.
When the blood supply is cut off, then the area of the brain that is supplied by the particular vessel dies off and results in stroke. The stroke is another life threatening complication of diabetes.
Diabetic heart disease could result in sudden heart attack. Indeed diabetes could also cause silent heart attack, as the diabetic patient could not experience the pain. Coronary artery disease is very often the precursor of sudden heart attack. In coronary artery disease a portion of the heart muscle could have ischemia. If the condition is not managed promptly, it could result in the death of that particular area. This could thus be life threatening as well.
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