Diabetes mellitus has evolved as a high priority health concern in several countries across the globe. In the United States Of America itself, more than 25.8 million people are already in the vicious grip of the silent metabolic disease. Diabetes is one of the leading causes behind chronic health problems that increase the risk of heart diseases, blindness, nerve damage as well as loss of limb due to amputation (linked with diabetic gangrene). Up till now, there did not exist any known fix for this deadly illness.
However, a procedure by the name of small intestine bypass or gastric bypass is fast proving to be effective in the omission of this condition, primarily in excessively overweight or obese people. As of now, it’s efficacy and rate of success seems so marked that detailed studies are already in progress so as to develop a surgical procedure which would soon provide medical benefit to all diabetics. Come, let us absorb as much information as possible in relation to this revolutionary surgical treatment, especially the potential risks involved.
A-Z Information On Small Intestine Bypass Cures For Diabetes
How Diabetes Is Linked To Small Intestine
Medical research points towards a definite link between diabetes (type 2) and the upper aspect of the small intestine. It is, in fact, the upper part of the small intestine that yields the major proportion of glucose found within the system. In cases where pancreas are not able to produce enough or any insulin at all, glucose fails to have access to the cells concerned (for production of energy), and instead begin to pile up in the bloodstream. This type of glucose accumulation in the body leads to initiation and development of diabetes.
Information About Gastric Bypass
Small intestine or gastric bypass is a surgical mode of treatment that essentially involves shrinkage of the stomach so as to enable reduction of excess body weight. This advanced operation is carried out by a bariatric surgeon who facilitates the formation of a small pouch by sectioning off a small segment of the diabetic patient’s upper stomach. The pouch created is carefully joined to the remaining (distal) portion of the small intestine. As the surgery drastically shrinks the size of the stomach, the patient will be able to consume only a small proportion of low fat, healthy food.
Aim Of Small Intestine Bypass
The key motive of performing a gastric bypass is to enable the dangerously obese diabetic individual to lose the excess weight. One can regard this surgery as a helpful tool that makes it easier for the overweight person to follow a healthier lifestyle that, in turn, hastens the process of fighting diabetes. According to the National Institutes of Health, this invasive surgery is not recommended only for all diabetics. Only those who have a severely high BMI must undergo such a treatment.
Although the main aim is weight reduction, small intestine bypass offers some additional health perks too. According to the American Cancer Society, such people also stand a lower risk of suffering from several types of cancer. Additionally, it does seem to wipe out the problem of snoring and hypertension too.
Ideal Candidates For Gastric Bypass
As of now, this form of surgery is strongly recommended for those males and females who have a predominantly high body mass index (BMI shoots above 40), basal metabolic rate (BMR) is above 35, and concurrently suffer from either heart related ailments, high blood pressure or type 2 diabetes.
This treatment modality is considered nothing less than a gold standard, especially in the United States of America. Gastric bypass is of no use for those dealing with Type 1 diabetes mellitus. Recent data claims that at least eight percent (80%) of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have entirely been cured of diabetes after undergoing this surgical procedure. In short, these people no longer needed to take insulin shots or have oral anti-diabetic drugs.
Roux-en-Y Bypass Procedure
In Roux-en-Y surgery (RGP), anatomical rearrangement of the digestive system is carried out. This is, in fact, the most prevalent type of gastric bypass surgery among other types. A major portion of the stomach, duodenum, and upper intestine is bypassed, and the distal aspect of the small intestine is attached with a considerably small portion of the stomach. Besides restricting the amount of food the patient can consume, Roux-en-Y surgery also brings about a change in the hormones within the digestive system.
RGP may also be performed via the use of a laparoscope after a small sized incision has been made in the abdomen. In such cases, the recovery period is considerably shortened.
Risks Associated With Gastric Bypass
Before making up your mind regarding gastric bypass surgery, the candidates must fully comprehend and evaluate the potential health risks and complications that may arise both, during and after this treatment. Elderly patients, as well as those with other serious health conditions, are at a greater risk. A complication known as atelectasis, which refers to, a partial collapse of the lung tissue may stem after the completion of the surgery. If deep breathing exercises are not performed prior to and after the surgery, this condition may further lead to the development of a lung infection called pneumonia.
Another risk seen in obese people is pulmonary embolism, which develops due, to lodgement of the blood clot formed in the legs to the lungs. This may even result in cardiac stroke or rarely, death. Dumping syndrome is another health complication that is sometimes seen after gastric bypass. In this syndrome, symptoms of vomiting, perspiration and diarrhea are seen due to overly rapid progression of the food contents through the intestine.
Life Post Gastric Bypass
Once the surgery has been performed with success, the patient needs to wisely monitor what and how much he or she eats. For a few days after the surgery, the patient will be kept on a complete liquid diet which gradually advances into semi-solid foods. After a span of three months, the patient is in a good enough condition to eat usual food items (although the proportion of meal needs to be comparatively small).
What must be noted is that both, overeating or rapid eating can result in symptoms of pain and/or vomiting. The diet plan of such patients primarily consists of protein rich foods that must be chewed slowly and properly so as to avoid development of Dumping syndrome.
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