Risks And Outcomes Of Diabetes And Smoking

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Risks And Outcomes Of Diabetes And SmokingWhen there are many good things to do in life, wasting it over a fatal attraction as smoking is illogical. Everyone knows that smoking is bad for health. To a diabetic, the ills of smoking can actually be too damaging, too soon. Here are three facts on smoking:

When You Smoke, You Put Yourself At Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

About 12% of all the type 2 diabetes in America may be attributable to smoking. The Cancer Prevention Study 1 points out that women can be at an increased risk of developing diabetes as against men. Smoking is considered a probable risk factor for insulin resistance, which is a harbinger of type 2 diabetes and other unfavorable effects.

Smoking is also supposed to elevate the risk for diabetes by means of body mass index. When people smoke, they are likely to deteriorate the glucose metabolism within their body. Smoking can also pose risk for pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis which is likely due to the toxic nature of tobacco. Evidence also suggests that exposure to secondhand smoke may put a person to risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

When You Smoke More Cigarettes, You Can Suffer More

When a diabetic smokes more number of cigarettes, he/she can increase the related side effects of diabetes. Diabetes itself puts a person towards risk for developing complications in living. The risk of developing a heart disease is one of the complications of diabetes which can be aggravated through smoking. Diabetes can damage your heart through multiple ways including damaging the arteries and restricting the blood circulation. In general, diabetics can have low HDL cholesterol which is a good cholesterol for the heart.

Pregnant women who smoke can increase their risks of suffering from gestational diabetes. During gestational diabetes, there is carbohydrate intolerance which is likely to continue even after pregnancy and child birth. Actually, pregnant women having gestational diabetes can increase their risks of developing type 2 diabetes seven times more than pregnant women having normal glucose levels. They can also put their unborn babies at risk for suffering from diabetes later in life.

When you Smoke, You are Closer to Death

Compared to a diabetic non-smoker, a diabetic smoker can increase his/her risk of premature death twice. When you smoke, you can elevate your chances of dying early in life. Additionally, the combined risk of complications arising out of diabetes and tobacco use is many times more (about 14 times more) than the risk of tobacco use or diabetes alone. Smoking brings multiple complications of diabetes – nephropathy, albuminuria and microvascular complications.

Risks And Outcomes Of Diabetes And Smoking

Nephropathy (kidney disease) can be a common outcome of smoking in type 1 diabetes. Smoking can decline kidney function more rapidly when you have type 2 diabetes (than the non smokers). Smoking has been linked to increasing the risk of albuminuria (presence of protein in the urine) in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Smoking is also likely to lead to microvascular complications of diabetes. Although the link between cigarette smoking and retinopathy is yet to be well defined, the association may be unfavorable.

Why you Should not Smoke?

Diabetics are strongly recommended to stop smoking at the earliest. If you had been smoking, stop smoking at the earliest to let your body enjoy health out of the clutches of tobacco. When you stop smoking, you reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, stroke and premature death. Besides, there are many other benefits of quitting smoking than being a saving on your pocket.

When you stop smoking, you help your heart and lungs, decrease the risk of hurting blood vessels, nerves and other organs. You can enjoy a less wrinkled face, make yourself more acceptable to your family and society with a better-smelling hair, breath and clothes. Furthermore, you also reduce the risk of passive smoking for your dear ones.

Helpful Tips for Quitting

When you want to quit smoking, you may need external assistance because quitting smoking can be difficult for diabetics (as compared to non-diabetics). The low rate of stopping smoking can be linked to its side effects, a prominent one being weight gain. Overweight diabetics, particularly women, may find it detrimental to add weight to their bodies. Obese smokers and people having poor metabolic control can have reduced zest to stop smoking.

If you smoke, act now to stop smoking before it becomes too demanding for you to stop. Even though you find it difficult to refrain from a habit (which might have continued since years), keep on trying. Take help from family and other reliable sources around you.

Make a Beginning

Even though small, make a start. You may not achieve results easily because changing a habit is demanding. Start when you have low levels of stress and when you can be calm in life.

Risks And Outcomes Of Diabetes And Smoking

Quitting all at once may work for some people but may not work for all. Judge your capacity and work out a strategy. Have a strong will to fight whatever comes your way.

Implement Substitutes

When quitting, you may need substitutes to suppress the desire. Consult your doctor for using something which can curb your craving. A gum or an inhaler may help. Lemon drops, popcorn (without butter), cloves and beef jerky can be more options. If needed, go for counseling or acupuncture.

Focus on the Target

No matter how much you have smoked, you can always benefit from quitting. Focus on the advantages you are likely to obtain from quitting (you can keep them in writing). It is likely to enhance and prolong living, reduce the side effects of smoking (cough, sore throat, stained teeth, etc.), save money and enhance your personality.

Exercise Control and Preventive Measures

Risks And Outcomes Of Diabetes And Smoking

Do not carry cigarettes, lighter or matches. Hide everything which can be combat the urge to smoke; distract yourself. Spend time in smoking prohibited areas. Keep the company of non-smokers or those who also want (and try) to quit. Eat a healthy and low-calorie diet. Exercise regularly and concentrate on healthy living.

Be Patient

The benefits of quitting smoking do not come too soon. It may take 5 years or more for the benefits to appear, according to a British study of men who stopped smoking. However, there can be many factors which affect the time period. In the short run, the benefits of stopping tobacco consumption may seem too less than the efforts put; but in the long run, the benefits are far greater. According to the US Cancer Prevention Study, there is evidence to support that stopping smoking (for 10 years and 5 years in men and women, respectively) could lower the risk of diabetes.