Diabetes is a chronic disease which disables your body from controlling blood sugar level. The function of insulin hormone is to control blood sugar level. When insulin is present in low level, it causes diabetes. Since blood sugar level is not under control, diabetes varies between hyperglycaemic and hypoglycaemic. Hyperglycaemic refers to high glucose level and hypoglycaemic refers to low glucose level.
Two main categories of diabetes are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent and type 2 diabetes in non insulin dependent. Type 1 refers to lack or less of insulin. In Type 2 diabetes, there is sufficient insulin. But the cells are insensitive towards it.
Steps to Prevent Diabetes Mellitus Naturally
The key to prevent diabetes is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Regular workouts coupled with and healthy diet regime reduces the risk of diabetes by 50%.
Regular habit of exercising helps to maintain proper weight and helps to avoid a lot of diseases like cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure. An active life style also helps to control blood sugar level and lipid profiles. Exercising 30 minutes a day for at least five days a week keeps a lot of diseases at bay.
Rather than how much you eat, what you eat matters a lot. You can eat low energy food in high volume. Low energy food includes vegetables and fruits. For every unit volume of diet it contains fewer calories. On the other hand eating of high energy food should be limited. High energy foods include egg yolk, sweets, fried items and all diet with high fat. These foods have more saturated fat and cholesterol content. Instead of three square meals, take three small meals and two healthy snacks.
Consume complex carbohydrates with low or medium Glycemic index (GI). Keep a track of the carbohydrates that you consume daily. Carbohydrates plays a major role is preventing diabetes. Consume vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, seeds, fish and oats to enhance glucose tolerance. Omega 3 fish oil helps to control high triglycerides, glucose tolerance and cholesterol level which are vital for preventing diabetes
Obesity is the root cause for a lot of diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, liver disease, arthritis and certain type of cancers. To reduce weight you need not reduce the quantity of food. But what kind of food you eat and when you eat is vital. Obesity reduces the count of insulin receptors in your body, which increases the risk of diabetes.
Vitamin supplements are commonly used by many of us for preventing deficiencies. But these supplements are effective in preventing lot of diseases including diabetes. Vitamin B6, B12 and folic acid are widely used vitamin supplements.
They help to reduce blood levels of homocysteine. In addition, folic acid found in vitamin supplements reduces the birth defects of child, when taken by pregnant mother.
Minimum of 6 to 8 hours sleep a day is essential to maintain a good health. Inadequate sleep impairs the use of insulin and increases the chances of becoming obese.
Avoid or reduce the consumption of alcohol. Alcohol consumption leads to glucose intolerance and may lead to hypoglycaemia.