Hyperlipidaemia or hyperlipidemia is one of the most common types of dyslipidemia, which involves high levels of lipids in the bloodstream. It deals with high fat content in the blood, which is mostly caused due to eating fat-rich diet. This disease is considered to be insidious, which means that this medical condition does not show clear signs of this disease.
Hyperlipidaemia is commonly seen to be developed in people with diabetes. There are a lot of complications that can develop due to this ailment. Some of the serious complications that may occur due to the development of hyperlipidaemia in diabetics include increased risks of heart attack, stroke, coronary diseases and artery related ailments.
Various Complications of Hyperlipidaemia in Diabetes
Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease
Arteriosclerotic heart disease is one of the most serious complications observed in hyperlipidaemia in diabetics. This disease can develop when fat builds up plaque in the coronary arteries. It may also occur with the deposition of fat in the blood vessels that are responsible for supplying oxygen and blood to the heart.
It narrows down the arteries, which eventually prevent oxygen and blood from being transported to the heart. With the progress of the disease, the narrowing of the blood vessel also increases and leads to problems like chest pain and breathing problems.
Hyperlipidaemia may also lead to severe heart attacks. Heart attacks happen when the blood clot obstructs the flow of blood to the heart through the coronary arteries. Due to the lack of sufficient oxygen and blood, the muscles of the heart begin to get damaged and in some extreme cases may even die.
Generally, diabetics suffering from hyperlipidaemia experience heart attacks due to the accumulation of the cholesterol plaques in the coronary arteries. This blocks the path through which blood and oxygen can reach the heart.
A stroke is yet another complication that may occur due to hyperlipidaemia. It occurs when reduced amount of blood reaches to the brain depriving the brain of oxygen and essential nutrients. If the brain fails to receive oxygen and blood for a considerably long period of time, the cells of the brain begins to die. Also, diabetics may suffer from a stroke due to the loosening up of the fatty plaques from the coronary arteries.
It gets lodged in the brain, which blocks the flow of blood to the body parts. Mostly a stroke occurs without any warning or with a warning of few minutes just before it happens. Some of the symptoms of a stroke include numbness of one of the sides of the body, dizziness, muscle weakness and lack of energy.
Atherosclerosis is yet another complication of hyperlipidaemia in people suffering from diabetes. This disease is often confused with arteriosclerosis. Atherosclerosis affects the artery walls when the increased blood fat gets deposited on the walls of the arteries. This plaque builds up and gradually damages the walls of the arteries.
High Blood Pressure
Hyperlipidaemia can also lead to high blood pressure levels in diabetics. This happens due to the narrowing down of the arteries due to the plaque buildup, which eventually increases the pressure of the blood to pass through the narrowed passageways.
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