Gangrene in diabetes is an extreme medical condition causing decay of the tissues resulting from the interrupted blood circulation. In diabetes, pancreas fails to produce significant amount of insulin, required to control levels of blood sugar. High levels of blood sugar can damage different tissues in the body, causing gangrene.
Diabetes induced gangrene is mostly observed in the feet, but it may also occur in the fingers. The presence of two chronic conditions, neuropathy and impaired blood circulation in the body can lead to gangrene in diabetes. It is important to understand different factors that suggest the presence of this chronic ailment in its early stages, so that you can begin treatment at the right time.
Symptoms of Gangrene in Diabetes
Numbness is one of the first signs of gangrene in diabetes. When it starts to affect, you would begin to feel a strange kind of numbness in the affected body part. You may also find the gangrene affected part to be cold along with a tingling sensation, when you touch it. Many people ignore them not knowing that these may be the symptoms of nerve damage and must be treated soon to avoid any further damage.
Discoloration of Skin Color
The onset of gangrene in diabetes is marked by the discoloration of the skin color. You can easily see the change in the color of your skin, as gangrene advances.
The skin becomes pale in color and then changes to red, and then to bronze in color. In its higher stages, the skin color finally changes to dark red or sometimes even to purple.
Swelling and Acute Pain
Swelling or inflammation of the affected part of the body is also considered to be one of the most important symptoms of gangrene in diabetes. Wounds that don’t heal for a long time can cause severe infections. These infections may cause swelling and a lot of pain. In this situation, you may need to see a doctor to understand how deep the problem is because sometimes just popping pills do not help.
Though, it can provide temporary relief, it may not heal the infection forever. You must not ignore the problem because in extreme cases, you may need to amputate the affected portion to get rid of the swelling and incessant pain.
Cracks in skin are considered to be a very important symptom of gangrene in diabetes. The bacteria thriving on the affected area often releases a gas around the inflated area.
When you touch or press the skin, then the skin may tend to crack. You may not even realize that a simple drying out of the skin leading to cracks can be a potent symptom of diabetes induced gangrene. But if you notice it, you must check with your doctor immediately.
Discharge with Foul Smell
When the tissue in the skin starts to decay because of the diabetes induced gangrene, it can lead to a discharge with foul odor. In addition, you may also notice a discharge of blood, as the tissues begin to die due to the infection.