Getting timely treatment is one of the best things you can do to ensure a foot ulcer or damage does not become too demanding or threatening in life. Diabetes has a strong background of affecting foot in vivid ways and ulcers are one of the several ways.
Preventive measures can contribute significantly in eliminating the risks of diabetic complications (as foot problems), though the possibility may not be completely eliminated even with utmost preventive measures.
With diabetes, even a normal ulcer or wound can become overwhelming and lead to complications over time. Even a minor foot scratch can develop into an awful swelling within a matter of days. Treatment procedures are aimed at preventing further damage and/or curing the existing one. Important treatment methods focus on the following:
Treatment Options for Diabetic Foot Ulcer
If there is a sore, it may get relieved by applying a triple antibiotic cream. Thereafter, you may cover the part to avoid further damage or infection to the area; for expert advice, a local wound center can be contacted.
Wound dressings are of many types. The Hydrogel dressings may score more over other types of dressings although there is no concrete evidential testament for the same.
Many other types of moist dressings can be implemented including adhesive backing film and silicone coated foam. But they may not be the best option for treating wounds owing to fluid retention.
While treating foot ulcers and sore, it is important to relieve your foot. A custom-designed boot can be used to provide support and necessary healing to the affected area. These boots can be crucial for healing of foot and can considerbly reduce the scope of amputation.
Extracellular Matrix Replacement Therapy
Being a primary complication of diabetes mellitus, diabetic foot ulcers need prompt and timely intervention lest they become damaging causing amputation. About 84% of all lower leg amputations are a result of diabetic foot ulcers which are mainly considered to be an outcome of macro and micro vascular complications.
Failure of wound healing arising out of chronic diabetes can often be treated with the extracellular matrix replacement therapy. In diabetes, foot care and treatment considerably rests on using techniques like advanced moist wound therapy, skin substitute and negative pressure wound therapy.
Different therapies have their side effects and one may not suit all. It is important to discuss with the doctor about the most suited treatment option. For instance, the moist wound therapy is believed to processes as fibroblast proliferation, collagen synthesis, and wound contraction.
Negative Pressure Wound Therapy
In this diabetic ulcer treatment, vacuum is used to remove the extra fluid and cellular waste from a wound. This treatment requires expert administration and there are some basic guidelines which should be adopted when implementing this therapy for beneficial outcomes in treating ulcers and wounds.
Treating foot ulcers and damages can be a tricky task because what may apparently seem fine may not actually be so. Get expert advice through doctor consultation. The doctor may use various diagnostic tools for a thorough analysis of the ulcer. He/she may go for an ankle brachial index which is a test to determine your blood circulation to the affected area.
An index of 0.9 or less indicates that you should consult a vascular surgeon for clarity on medical intervention. It may signify a 50% blockage of an important artery. The doctor may also want to clean the foot sore (debridement) and check the area for bacteria.