Cold and flu may not be overwhelming for a person without diabetes and get treated easily. But with diabetes, you are likely to suffer more out of cold and flu symptoms. Diabetes can not only increase your possibilities of getting cold and flu but also disrupt with proper management and control of blood sugar level.
When you have diabetics, you should avoid catching flu and cold with all probabilities. Diabetes and flu do not produce a good combination with diabetes making it more difficult to fight off the flu virus. Certain treatments can help combat cold and flu and should be implemented after consultation with your health care provider.
Cold And Flu Treatments For Diabetes
There are over-the-counter flu medications which may be administered to combat cold and flu during diabetes. But remember to check labels on the medications. You should avoid products having high levels of sugar. Even though flu medication can treat the symptoms and aid recovery, they may affect blood glucose control if they have high-sugar content.
The Flu Shot (vaccine)
Irrespective of whether you have diabetes or not, flu can be best prevented through a flu shot. A flu shot is safe and recommended every year; a shot can provide protection for almost six months. The significance of flu shot is all the more for people having diabetes. Although all aged 6 months and above should get the flu shot, it is recommended to consult your doctor when getting one.
One cannot get flu from the flu shot but there may be some mild side effects as redness, swelling or fever. People with diabetes should also consider the pneumonia shot. The older people (above 65 years of age) would need the pneumonia shot at intervals of five years. Otherwise, single shot may be sufficient in protecting against the illness.
Sickness arising out of cold and flu can be treated with prescription medicines. They can work to relieve symptoms, aid recovery and prevent complications arising out of cold and flu when you have diabetes. Take them within two days of getting sick after consulting your doctor. They can produce side effects and people with diabetes should be careful of their potential risks and take them only after consulting their doctors.
At Home Steps For Recovery And Protection
Cold and flu infection can spread too soon and it can be really difficult to avoid infecting others or getting infected. Adopt some protective measures to avoid spreading the infection or aggravating it if you have it. Keep nose and mouth covered during sneezing or coughing.
Use disposable tissues and wash hands as often as needed (after coughing and sneezing). If you cannot manage to get soap and water, use an alcohol containing rub. Do not get in contact with sick people and keep sufficient inventory of medicines at home.
People with diabetes should implement a plan before they get sick with a cold or flu. There are some important components of a sick day plan which includes regular testing, recording data and eating a healthy diet. Talk to your doctor about adjusting your insulin intake. In order to manage cold and flu effectively, keep a watch over your blood sugar levels on hourly basis (every four hours) or as recommended by your doctor.
You should also keep a record of your temperature and ketone levels (when blood sugar is more than 240mg/dL). Consume fluids regularly and eat carbohydrates at regular intervals. Soup, juice, unsweetened applesauce and sports drinks are good choices if solids do not prompt you.