Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects numerous vital organs. Diabetes needs to be managed carefully and the blood glucose levels need to be kept well under controlto prevent complications. Diabetes requires strict lifestyle changes, exercise and medications to keep it under control. Here are some of the effects that diabetes have on vital organs.
Diabetes Effect On Vital Organs
Effect On Heart
Heart is one of the most important vital organ affected by diabetes. Atherosclerosis or thickening of the blood vessels of the heart occurs as a complication of diabetes. This could even lead to cardiac failures. In fact diabetes is one of the cause for silent cardiac arrests, where cardiac arrest occur suddenly without much outward symptoms.
Diabetics also have a predisposition to get high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels in the blood, these in fact, could lead to heart diseases. Thus, a diabetic should always be aware of this and go for check ups as soon as they notice any untoward symptoms.
Effect On Kidneys
Kidneys are also commonly affected by diabetes. Diabetes often leads to kidney failure, requiring dialysis. 33% of cases requiring dialysis are diabetics. Kidneys are under a lot of pressure to filter out the excess glucose from the blood. There is also polyuria in diabetics. The overload often causes kidneys to fail. The enlargement of kidneys or hydronephrosis is a complication of diabetes. This causes kidney failure requiring dialysis.
Effect On Eyes
Cataract and glaucoma are two of the complications of diabetes. Cataract causes cloudy vision. This is usually treatable and the vision is very often restored through surgery.
But glaucoma is a serious condition that needs to be treated immediately. If not treated promptly, the pressure due to glaucoma causes damage to optic nerve. If the optic nerve is damaged, it could lead to blindness. Diabetic retinopathy is another affect of diabetes on eyes.
Effect On Nerves
Diabetic neuropathy is another complication of diabetes. The diabetes causes the nerves to become insensitive to pain or pressure. Those with diabetic neuropathy may find it difficult to walk. Such people are recommended not to drive vehicles. Diabetes have numbness and tingling in several parts of the body.
Diabetic neuropathy is often caused due to injuries to blood vessels supplying the nerves. Diabetic neuropathy could cause erectile dysfunction, muscular weakness, difficulty in speech or swallowing, drooping of eyelids, involuntary urination etc. Diabetic neuropathy also predisposes to the formation of diabetic ulcers.
Effect On Foot
Foot complications are common in those with uncontrolled diabetes. Foot ulcers are often seen in those with prolonged diabetes. The diabetic neuropathy makes the foot insensitive to any injury.
The presence of glucose predisposes to infection. The result is an ulcer which could progress deeper, if not controlled properly. This could even lead to amputation of limb. Also diabetes causes numbness and tingling in the feet due to neuropathy.
Affect On Gums And Teeth
Diabetes affects gums and teeth causing several problems. They often have persistent bad breath. There may be gingivitis or infections leading to pus formations in the gums. There may be the problems of bleeding gums, loose teeth etc.