An insight into the effects of Diabetes on the body reveals that the disease brings about various transformations and changes which need attention and timely intervention. The complications linked with high sugar content in the blood stream may lead to irreversible effects and symptoms, which disturb the various metabolic processes and normal functioning of the body system.
As most of these changes develop due to high levels of blood pressure and cholesterol levels along with a lack of control on blood sugar levels, diabetic patients are advised to alleviate the causes behind them, so as to reduce the effects on the mind and body in the long run.
The Effects of Diabetes on the body
Common Signs of Diabetes
Though diabetic complications and symptoms are progressive in nature and take a long time to develop and showcase themselves through various visible effects on the body; certain symptoms such as increased thirst levels, frequent urge and need to urinate, enhanced levels of fatigue, tingling sensations in the hands and feet and blurred vision are common and start revealing themselves earlier.
The Long Term Damages Caused by Diabetes
The long term effects or damages caused by Diabetes are commonly known as diabetic complications and start revealing themselves in the later stages of the disease. Along with effecting the blood vessels and nerves, the effect of advanced Diabetes can also be felt in other parts of the body. Poor control over the blood sugar levels, excessive consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, non healthy dietary regime and lack of a proper lifestyle may lead to coronary problems and complications in the skin, legs and nerves.
The Effect of Bigh Blood Sugar Levels on the Heart
It has been established that coronary diseases and Diabetes are closely related and are linked with the incidence of high levels of cholesterol in the body and blood stream. This leads to an enhanced risk of strokes, heart attacks and other cardiovascular diseases.
The Effect of Diabetes on the Vision and Eyes
Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication linked with the advanced stages of Diabetes and can be brought about by negligence in patients or uncontrolled levels of Diabetes. Some of the commonly known symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy, which impacts the vision as well as the eyes, include a blurring of vision, poor eyesight, swelling and leaking.
These problems originate in the retina which is located at the back of the eye and may lead to severe vision related problems. Proper screening of the eyesight and remedial measures to keep Diabetes under control can go a long way in helping the patients defer the onset of diabetic retinopathy.
Effect of Diabetes on the Kidney
Due to the uncontrolled levels of sugar in the blood stream, the renal functions and excretory processes of the patients may get impacted. This leads to further complications in the kidney and adjoining organs. The risks of kidney damage and failure are usually enhanced by the increasing levels of blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure and leads to a condition known as Diabetic nephropathy.
This disease connected with the kidney, leads to irreversible damages and should be curbed in its initial phases. The damages to the kidney can be reduced by taking proper medicines, bringing about a change in lifestyle and taking up natural measures which help in the reduction of cholesterol and high blood pressure as well.
Effect on the Nerves
Diabetic neuropathy is one of the advanced effects of Diabetes in patients with a long history of the disease. The effect of high blood sugar on nerves include troubles with the digestive process, sexual dysfunctions and extremely slow healing of cuts and wounds. The effects of Diabetes on the nerves can bring about serious changes in the life of the patient and cause great stress in their family members as well.
Some of the common symptoms connected with nerve damage due to Diabetes include numbness or a tingling sensation in the feet and hands, lack of sexual arousal in the clitoris and penis, excessive sweating and high levels of fatigue. The symptoms of nerve damages also include very poor healing of wounds and scars and the patient does not feel any pain in the area of cut. This makes it important for the caretakers to take proper care of the feet and other exposed areas of the body and prevent any cuts, scars or sores.
Effect of Diabetes on the Digestive Processes and Organs
Apart from effecting the normal digestive functions and processes, Diabetes may also lead to nausea, diarrhea and constipation in these patients. A healthy and nutritious diet and proper food timings have to be followed to prevent any further damage to the digestive processes. Easily digestible food, green vegetables and fresh fruits are prescribed in small quantities to Diabetic patients.
Effect if Diabetes on the Skin
The damaged nerves in advanced diabetic patients lead to poor healing of cuts and wounds and affect various areas of the skin as well. Diabetic foot, one of the major complications related with the disease, may be caused by cuts which go unnoticed by the client because of the cessation of feelings in the nerve endings located in the base of their feet.
These cuts nurture the growth and development of fungal and bacterial infections and in severe cases lead to the amputation of the foot. It is important to conduct a complete checkup of the feet at least once a year and take all precautions to avoid any cuts, burns or wounds of any form.
Diabetes is a lifestyle related disease which can create in the life of the patient as well as his family members. Along with its effect on various organs and functions of the body, Diabetes also affects the mind and thinking processes. Depression, irritability, heightened levels of anxiety and sleeplessness are some of the other effects of diabetes, which have a direct impact on the health and well being of the patient and those taking care of him.