Muscle cramps are the sudden tightening of muscles that lasts for a few minutes or seconds. It mostly involves the calf and the thigh muscles. People with diabetes often experience muscle cramping.
The major causes of diabetes muscle cramps are expulsion of substantive quantities of minerals in urine, reduced calcium levels, damage to the peripheral nerves or damaged arteries of the lower limb. A lot of research has been done on how to prevent diabetes muscle cramps; here are some tips on avoiding such situations.
Ways To Diabetes Muscle Cramps
Researchers suggest that consuming foods containing potassium such as cantaloupes, oranges, etc. can help maintain the mineral levels in the body.
Apart from this regular blood electrolyte checkup should also be carried out in order to know whether a proper balance is maintained in the body. Consuming potassium supplements can also help in maintaining a good balance in the body. Before taking any supplements it is best to consult your physician, as he can give you the best advice.
Practice the basic stretching exercises. This allows the muscles to contract and expand hence reducing the risk of diabetes muscle cramps. Simple yoga or riding a stationary bicycle is exercises that can be followed to avoid muscle cramps. Exercising is a good way of staying fit and keeping your blood glucose level under control.
It is best to do light stretching exercises before going to bed. Most physicians suggest that diabetics should include a basic exercise routine in their daily schedule.
Intake Of Water
At times dehydration can also lead to muscle cramps. It is important to keep a check on your water intake, drink enough water to keep yourself hydrated and to avoid muscle cramps.
It helps the muscles relax and contract conveniently and also refreshes the fluids. Diabetes is often accompanied with other conditions and some medicines can also cause cramps. Consult your doctor if cramping occurs regularly.
Use Proper Footwear
Reducing the stress on the feet can also help in avoiding diabetes muscle cramps. Make sure that you have proper footwear preferably with inserts or padding. This provides a cushion effect to the feet and relaxes the peripheral nerves hence reducing the stress. Choose footwear that suits and is comfortable for your feet.
Take Proper Rest
Our body is like a machine and every machine needs some rest. It is important to take 7-8 hours of continuous sleep at night. Taking proper rest relaxes the body muscles and keeps them stress free.
This can help in avoiding muscle cramps. Even during the day avoid standing for long hours continuously. Take small breaks in between work and give your body the required rest.
Diabetes is not a disease but a medical condition which if managed well can be quite easy to deal with. Keep a check on your diet and take your medicines on time. Before making any alterations or additional medicines or supplements, consult your doctor. If you experience any changes in your body do inform your doctor. Eating right and keeping yourself fit can help you deal with diabetes and the conditions related to it.