Diabetic ulcers are a complication of diabetes mellitus. These are usually observed in patients with poorly controlled blood glucose levels. Diabetic ulcers are caused due to diabetic neuropathyor nerve damage. There is also poor circulation in such patients. When there is excess glucose in the blood there are chances for infection.
All these factors lead to the development of diabetic ulcers. When there is an injury to the foot as from ill fitting shoes or there is already a feet deformity like a hammer toe then the chances of getting a diabetic ulcer are even more likely. Now here are five super steps to help you control diabetic ulcers.
Steps to Control Diabetic Ulcers
Get Control of Your Blood Glucose Levels
This is of primary importance in getting a control on diabetic ulcers. When the blood glucose levels are under control, then there are lesser chances of getting a diabetic ulcer. Eat a well balanced and healthy diet. Restrict your sugars and fats. Get involved in some exercise program. Monitor your glucose levels regularly and go for routine check ups to your physician.
Foot care and hygiene is of utmost importance in controlling diabetic ulcer. Inspect your foot daily for signs of injury. You can use a mirror or the help of someone else too. Since diabetic patients have decreased sensitivity to pain some injuries might go unnoticed and uncared for leading to greater chances of infection.
Look for any breaks in the skin, look for irritated spots too. Wash your foot gently with soap and water. Keep them dry. Take measures to stop getting injured. Trim your toe nails as this can prevent several injuries. Apply lotion to hardened areas.
It is always better to wear socks and shoes. Avoid walking barefoot as there are more chances of injury this way. There are also chances of getting infected. Wear proper and comfortable shoes. Avoid ill fitting shoes. Avoid foot wears that place undue stress on your toes. Let there be a comfortable padding within your shoes. There are pressure reducing socks as well. If you already have an ulcer wear foot gears that will take the pressure of the shoes.
If you have an ulcer, get treated. Do not try to treat them yourselves as diabetic ulcers are notorious for getting deeper without much outward signs or symptoms like pain. Stick to the prescriptions and maintain hygiene.
Cleanse the wound properly and change the dressings daily. Keep covered with a bandage always. Provide the right amount of moisture. Diabetic ulcers needs to be debrided or have their dead tissues removed. Get this done by a professional. Dead tissues will delay the healing.
Health and Nutrition
Look after the general well being of yourself. Drink lots of water and eat healthy food. Ensure that you get an adequate amount of vitamin C as these are found to be helpful in wound healing. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables. Cut down on processed foods. Relax and reduce your stress load. Stress is known to cause a rise in blood glucose levels.