The human nervous system is a complicated network of nerves that is the main controller of all the functions performed by the body. The brain uses these nerves to transport electric signals to each and every part of the body. The wiry filaments spread through the spinal cord into the remotest areas such as the tip of the toes and fingertips.
The accurate and normal functioning of these nerves is extremely important for the overall health and functioning of the human body system. Diabetes Type II nerve damages is one of the most advanced conditions in Type II Diabetic patients, where these nerves start getting damaged and fail to perform certain vital functions. Approximately 70 percent of the diabetic patients, who have been suffering from the disease for over 25 years, are prone to the development of Diabetic Neuropathy, which can cause several complications ranging from foot and vision related issues to the damaging of blood vessels and nerves present in the vital organs of the body.
The deficiency of oxygen to the nerve cells and reduced blood flow along with high levels of blood sugar and blood pressure are the important causes for the development of the disease.However, there are certain ways of keeping Diabetic Neuropathy under control and preventing the further development and advancement of nerve damages. These precautionary measures are as follows:
Important Preventive Measures for Type II Diabetes Nerve Damages
Keep Glucose Levels Under Check
According to the studies conducted by the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) in 1993, a tight control over the blood sugar levels can reduce the chances of the progressive advancement of diabetic neuropathy and helps in the prevention of the onset of the same by approximately 60 percent.
Even after the preliminary damage of certain nerves, there is a strong possibility of curbing further deterioration of the disease by keeping a very close watch over the fluctuations in the levels of blood sugar. The sugar levels should not be allowed to increase under any circumstances through proper diet management, timely intake of meals, proper administration of medicines and insulin, regular exercise and positive alteration in lifestyle.
A blood glucose meter should dominate the decisions about the daily care, meal planning and other regular activities. Precaution is better than cure and any increase in the blood sugar levels should be closely monitored and kept under control. Those who have not yet been diagnosed for the disease but suffer from other advanced symptoms of Type II Diabetes, should go in for regular lab checks for testing the average blood sugar levels at least 5-6 times in a year.
Exercise, Walks And Other Activities
As the advanced symptoms of Type II Diabetes start appearing, there will be a tendency for patients to become fatigued and easily tired. Depressive feelings and inactivity will bring in lethargy and other complications. To prevent these conditions from taking place, it is important for the patient to be mentally active and perform basic exercises regularly.
Some older patients may find it difficult to regulate their weight and energy levels through normal exercise regimes. Walking for at least 45 minutes in the morning and evenings can help them keep sugar levels under control and alleviate the signs of Diabetic Neuropathy to a certain extent. A relaxing sport or light exercises under the supervision of an expert can help generate fitness and alertness in the patient.
Controlling High Blood Pressure and Hypertension
The blood vessels and the nerves invading the vital organs and parts of the body, start getting progressively weaker as the disease advances. As an important preventive measure, the blood pressure levels have to be kept under control and not allowed to rise beyond the permissible levels.
This will help the blood circulation to take place in a normal manner, without causing undue stress on the carriers. Hypertension is one of the major causes of high blood pressure and it is important for the patient to avoid any kind of emotional or mental stress that can elevate the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy.
Self Examination of the Foot and Other Parts of the Body
One of the most important symptoms of Diabetic Neuropathy is the gradual loss of sensation in various parts of the body which mainly include the feet and other exposed areas. It is quite natural to feel no pain or stimuli as the nerves get damaged. Under the circumstances, cuts, sores and infections become unnoticeable and fail to heal because of lack of pain or discomforting experiences. This is the major cause of the increasing numbers of lower limb amputations that have to be performed on patients suffering from diabetic neuropathy.
To prevent these complications proper self examination by the patient or regular checks by the medical expert or the patient’s assistant ,can help in the early diagnosis and treatment of any injuries, sores , infections or cuts. A regular check for any cold spots, dry skin, bumps, swellings, corns, ingrown toe nails, calluses, blisters, or breaks in the skin can help in proper foot care and prevention of complications. Using warm water for washing the feet, patting them dry with a soft towel, applying lotion on the feet while avoiding the areas in between the toes and wearing clean socks and footwear, can go a long way in helping the patient avoid any foot problems.
Undergoing Regular Tests for the Performance Levels of the Nerves
One of the most important precautionary measures for the treatment of diabetic neuropathyincludes regular testing and checks ups for the vibrations and performance levels of the nerves. Ultrasounds can be conducted to develop an insight into the internal functioning of the body.
Observation of the blood sugar and pressure levels through professional means, can be done by admitting the patient for a couple of days in a diabetic center or hospital . Any deterioration in the nerve conditions can thus be diagnosed and controlled by proper medical means.
Though it is very difficult to reverse the symptoms and damages caused by diabetic neuropathy, there are numerous studies going on to develop better medicines and processes of preventing the disease. In most cases medical experts advise control and management of blood sugar levels, proper foot care and checks on the stress and blood pressure levels, for the prevention of further complications in diabetic neuropathy patients.