Juvenile Diabetes is a condition occurring during childhood or young adulthood when the body’s autoimmunity leads to attack on the insulin manufacturing pancreatic cells. Insulin is a glucose regulating hormone that aids in processing the sugar in eaten foods. In its absence, glucose accruement in the blood eventually has a damaging effect on the crucial body organs.
As per information furnished by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention),diagnosis of 13000 cases of juvenile diabetes is noted annually.
Common Juvenile Diabetes Symptoms In Toddlers
Spotting symptoms of juvenile diabetes could be tricky due to their slow onset.
Polydipsia and Polyuria
In unmanaged juvenile diabetes, the kid would repeatedly ask for liquids, water or beverage, however, nothing seems to quench the thirst In unmanaged juvenile diabetes, the kid would repeatedly ask for liquids, water or beverage however, nothing seems to quench the thirst. Glucose accumulation in the blood leads to fluids being drawn from the bodily tissues which leaves the child thirsty. Increased fluid intake also leads to frequent visits to the loo. The tot would often pass urine as the body also tries clearing out the excessive glucose. Urinary production might be less or more.
Despite the constant foraging the toddler would time and again appear as though he/she can’t seem to get enough. As insulin necessary for moving glucose to the cells is in short supply, hence there is energy depletion in the organs as well as muscles. The brain then responds by signaling to the body about its requirement to eat for maintaining regular functioning.
The constant hunger intensity thus results in a voracious appetite or often eating small quantities of food all through the day because of the body being unable to obtain energy from the sugar present in consumed foods.
Inexplicable weight reduction
The Mayo Clinic points out that sudden loss in weight is oftentimes one of the preliminary apparent signs and symptoms of juvenile diabetes, particularly so when the kid is consuming unusually more amounts of food and yet appears to continually shed weight. This is because the body begins to use up the muscle as well as fat stores for obtaining energy which it fails to get from organs as a result of insulin shortage.
Blurriness in Vision
The toddler might lack sharp vision or be unable to see fine detail and typically would state that items seem unclear or blurry. Such complaints occur when blood sugar levels stay elevated for protracted span of time.
The child might face problems when he/she works on the laptop or reads the blackboard in the classroom.
Recurrent Yeast Infections
Mayo Clinic reports that young kids that experience repeated yeast infections in the vagina might be having juvenile diabetes resulting from excess sugar in secretion from the vagina which facilitates rapid yeast proliferation. Yeast is the innately occurring fungal form in our bodies and kept under control by the healthy bacterial forms also present physically. Severity in yeast infection is noted in diabetic kids with signs like puffy, reddish and tender skin rashes.
Unusual Rapid Onset Lethargy
Glucose is necessary fuel for the cells and when the toddler’s cells aren’t getting the required amount then tiredness and lethargy are bound to surface.
Sapped activity levels, more tiredness than usually felt are things that parents need to watchout for in their kids. Also, he/she would be sleeping more and require greater energy for accomplishing tasks or activities.
The toddler might exhibit severe behavioural changes like greater aggressiveness or mood vacillations. When blood glucose levels are elevated, the kid would frequently be experiencing alterations in his regular behaviour like more irritability or crankiness. Such children might abruptly show disinterest to go outdoors or play with other kids or might just appear to get tired soon.
Diabetic acidosis (ketoacidosis) develops due to elevated amounts of ketones in the body because of non-existent insulin which causes glucose accumulation in the blood.
One should be watching out from abnormal or laboured respiration (increased effort needed for breathing normally). A strong smell of fruit in the breath is also apparent since the body tries eliminating surplus acetone via respiration.
Changes in Skin
Toddlers with diabetes would complain of dryness or itchiness in skin. Slow healing of bare sores or wounds on the skin of the toddler is also reported. The kid might often develop skin infections at the location of a small injury due to glucose over-saturation in the blood which is ideal silage for yeast and bacterial forms. According to the world renowned medical research center NIH (National Institutes of Health), slight stinging or prickling feeling in the foot might be experienced by toddlers with juvenile diabetes.