Main Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

Also know as insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes is a condition where the body behaves weirdly; it starts acting unfavorably by attacking the pancreas which can no more be functional to make insulin. The condition can cause various unfavorable outcomes (complications) some of which can be life-threatening or fatal.

Diabetes mellitus type 1 often begins in childhood and can continue to adversely affect children extensively producing complications early. The condition can critically affect vital body organs including the heart and kidney besides affecting others like eye and nerve. Find a quick synopsis of the major complications which can be caused by type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes can cause starvation of cells which are unable to receive nutrients. Consequently, your body’s other systems need to provide energy for performing several vital functions which inevitably causes high blood sugar. This can result into:

Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

Loss of Water and Weight

In type 1 diabetes, a person can experience excessive urination when the body tries to remove sugar. In the process, the kidneys lose glucose along with large amount of water and can lead to dehydration. Weight loss can also result from loss of sugar in urine (due to loss of calories). People with high sugars can lose weight which is also likely to be triggered by dehydration.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

The lack of appropriate energy resource due to type 1diabetes causes break down of fat cells. Over time, acidic chemicals (ketones) can build up making he blood increasingly acidic. This couples with unused/excess sugar to cause ketoacidosis which needs prompt treatment else it may become fatal.


People having type 1diabetes can suffer from an eye problem known as retinopathy. In type 1 diabetes, diabetic retinopathy can affect most of the adults but children are not likely to get affected. Diabetic retinopathy can lead to irreversible damage to the eyes and vision loss. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels and an ill-managed diabetes can promote long term complications including diabetic retinopathy.

Nerve Damage (Neuropathy)

Type 1 diabetes can adversely affect the nerves. When type 1 diabetes is left ill-managed, it can damage the nerves, harden arteries and cause poor circulation, particularly to the feet.  Besides reducing the healing capability of the body, diabetic neuropathy can even lead to amputation.

Nerve damage can also appear as diarrhea and vomiting. Minor effects can appear as tingling and numbness but the major effects can take a toll over body parts and sometimes even affect other body parts.  Amputation can be the only rescue then for saving the healthy body parts. Men can suffer more through erectile dysfunction and sexual displeasure/incompetence.

Heart Damage

Diabetes can also adversely affect the heart causing various cardiovascular problems. Complications  can range from having high blood pressure to even heart attack.

Kidney Damage

Nephropathy, or kidney damage, is not an uncommon outcome of type 1 diabetes. This is a long term complication of diabetes and usually happens over extended diabetes. The kidneys perform a crucial task of filtering waste from blood through millions of tiny blood vessels. With diabetes, the filtering system can get upset.

The risk for kidney damage can be alarming as this complication can pose the risk for chronicand life-threatening health outcomes. Even dialysis may prove insufficient in treating the damage. Sometimes, only a kidney transplant can save life.

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