High blood pressure can affect most people having diabetes. Blood pressure is considered normal if it is less than 120/80 mmHg. Diabetes can raise this level to a damaging extent and any reading above 140 mmHg (systolic pressure) can be a cause of concern.
With as many as two-thirds of people with diabetes suffering from hypertension (high blood pressure), there is an alarming risk for many heart illnesses arising out of these two. It is imperative to keep the blood pressure near the target levels to delay (or even prevent) complications and problems arising thereafter. High blood pressure and diabetes can put forth many risks and problems in living. Primary ones include:
Complications Of High Blood Pressure In Diabetes
High blood pressure and diabetes mellitus largely affect common target organs. Diabetes and high blood pressure together can raise the risk for coronary artery diseases than diabetes or high blood pressure alone can do.
Their presence together adversely affects the development of cerebral diseases also in addition to the coronary diseases.
Diabetes and hypertension together raise the atherogenic risk factors in adults. This includes dyslipideamia and left ventricular hypertrophy. Usually, hypertensive and diabetes together affect the vascular tree. Diabetes can pose adverse outcomes for the arteries and can result into atherosclerosis (meaning hardening of arteries).
Atherosclerosis can promote damaging consequences like blood vessel damage, kidney failure, heart failure and heart attack if left unattended. Development of high blood pressure concurs with the development of hyperglycemia. When living with type 2 diabetes, it is generally recommended to keep the blood pressure below 140/85 mm.
High blood pressure, which can be a silent problem and aggravate without providing due time for intervention, needs constant monitoring and control. It can raise the risk for many complications related to diabetes including kidney disease. Diabetes alone puts over 30% of adults at risk for having acute kidney disease. Coupled with high blood pressure, the risk of chronic kidney disease leading to kidney failure can be all the more.
Long term diabetes can be detrimental for the kidneys which perform the crucial task of filtering waste and keeping the body free from toxin. Usually, people may remain unaware of their kidney malfunctioning for too long causing considerable damage to a primary organ of the body.
Kidney disease can lead to waste build up in the body and pose risk for other health problems as well. There can be anemia or bone disease; acute kidney disease can virtually cause kidney failure which can be life-threatening. Acute damage to the kidney takes time but does not produce too many signs for easy identification.
This undermines the need for treatment which inadvertently can get delayed to cause more serious outcomes in life. Regular testing is a primary tool in bringing out kidney damage. Besides high blood pressure and diabetes, heart disease and high cholesterol can also raise the risk of chronic kidney disease.
Other Effects of High Blood Pressure and Diabetes
Besides coronary and kidney diseases, high blood pressure and diabetes can affect other body parts like the eye. High blood pressure can also cause inflammation which upsets the body’s natural defense to harmful stimuli. Along with diabetes, the harmful stimuli may raise insulin levels paving way for symptom of insulin resistance.
High blood pressure and diabetes can be managed through various ways and lifestyle plays a vital role in dealing with both the conditions. Both conditions should be attended promptly – individually, they can be damaging and a combination can expedite the damage too soon.