The most important symptoms of Diabetes are associated with the fluctuations in the blood sugar levels, insulin resistance or reduced or negligible production of insulin in the body of the patient. The serious health problems such as hypertension, high blood pressure, depression, problems connected with eye vision, foot problems and nerve issues can be checked and managed if the symptoms are detected at the right time and relieved.
Important Symptoms of Type I Diabetes
Vomiting and Nausea
The autoimmune response of the pancreas or a viral attack on the organ can lead to decreased or non production of insulin. This leads to Type 1 Diabetes.
The required glucose levels for the production of ATP (Adenosin Triphosphate), becomes low or unavailable due to this reduction in the natural production of insulin. This leads to some of the primary symptoms associated with Type 1 Diabetes, such as vomiting and nausea.
In the later stages of Type 1 Diabetes, as the insulin production in the body stops completely, the fats and the muscle tissues in the body are broken down to provide the energy required for the normal functioning of the body system. This leads to weight loss and the lowering of energy levels in the diabetic patients.
Disturbances in the normal electrolyte levels lead to dehydration in the body of those suffering from diabetes. There is an urge for frequent urination and the thirst levels increase.
Symptoms of Type II Diabetes
Type II Diabetes is typically a metabolic disorder, where in the blood sugar levels increase due to insulin resistance and insulin deficiency. It is generally caused by genetic and lifestyle factors. Some of the most important symptoms of Type II Diabetes are as follows:
Increased Levels of Fatigue and Weariness
One of the most common symptoms of Diabetes is weariness and increased fatigue levels in the patients.The reserve fats in the cells of a diabetic patient are utilized to provide energy to maintain the body processes. The absence of insulin prevents the cells of the body to metabolize the glucose in the blood stream.
The amount of energy released by the fats in the body, is comparatively higher than that released by the breakdown of glucose. This causes high levels of fatigue due the negative calorie effects triggered off in the body.
Polydipsia or Increased Thirst Levels and Urge for Frequent Urination
The increased blood sugar levels tend to send signals to the brain and this creates the requirement for the dilution of the glucose content in the blood stream. The increased levels of thirst are directly related to the rise of blood sugar levels in a diabetic patient.
The body also finds a natural way of balancing the sugar levels by passing it through the urine. The urge for frequent urination and increased thirst levels are also interconnected, as the body excretes large volume of fluids along with the sugar, leading to the desire for consuming more fluid.
Polyphegia or Increased Hunger Levels
Insulin is associated with the hunger levels in diabetic patients and is responsible for the stimulation of the craving to consume food. The high sugar levels in the body leads to hunger pangs, as the energy required by the body cannot be fulfilled through the breakdown of glucose in the blood stream.
Fluctuations in Weight
Some important factors and allied complications related to the advancement of diabetes such as glucosuria, polyuria and the breakdown of reserve proteins and body fat, can lead to fluctuations in the body weight. There are mixed responses to this symptom as some patients may undergo an increase in their body weight due to an increase in appetite, while others may suffer from weight loss.
Eye Problems and Blurry Vision
One of the advanced symptoms of diabetes is known as hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome. This refers to a blurring in the vision of diabetic patients, which is caused due to the pulling out of fluids from the tissues present in the eyes along wit the lenses. This leads to several other eye problems connected to the retina, lenses and vision.
Increased Levels of Irritability
Irritability and restlessness are important signs and symptoms of high blood sugar levels in patients suffering from Diabetes. The insufficient supply of glucose to the brain cells and the nerves makes them feel uneasy, tired and irritable.
The suppression of the normal immune system of the body leads to an increased frequency in bacterial or fungal infections in the body. It is also common to have UTI or infections in the urinary tract. Most diabetic patients find unexplained infections on their skin, which are related to the increase in blood sugar levels.
Poor Healing of Wounds and Cuts
The White blood corpuscles or the WBC, are responsible for maintaining the immune levels inside our bodies. The increased blood sugar levels decreases their capacity and efficiency of healing cuts and wounds.
The gradual thickening of the blood in patients, leads to improper blood circulation, which also causes delay in the healing of wounds and cuts.
Dryness in the Skin
Peripheral neuropathy leads to improper functions of the sweat glands and the blood circulation in the body. This in return, leads to itchiness and increased levels of dryness in the skin of the diabetic patients.
Tingling Sensation in the Feet and Hands
The excessive blood sugar levels tend to damage in the nerves and the blood vessels. The tingling sensation in the hands, arms, legs and feet is caused by the increased sensitivity levels, that cause a burning sensation and high levels of discomfort. As the disease advances, there may be a complete loss of sensation in the hands and feet of the patient.
The reduced blood circulation, coupled with the various problems and complications, often leads to mental and emotional stress that triggers of bouts of depression. The patient finds it difficult to control himself and becomes inactive and easily distressed.
The progressive nature of Diabetes is characterized by many symptoms that keep on appearing as the disorder advances to the later stages. Both the types of Diabetes can be kept in check and managed by positive changes in the lifestyle and diet, regular exercises and medications.