Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes-related complication that affects the retina of the eyes. Symptoms are usually absent in the early stage of retinopathy. Symptoms such as blurred vision, appearance of floaters in the line of vision, dark areas in the vision or loss of vision occurs at the advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy.
Pain is a less common symptom of diabetic retinopathy that occurs usually at the advanced stage of the disease when pressure in the eyeball increases. Treating retinopathy with laser treatment alleviated diabetic retinopathy pain. Certain herbal supplements can be used for treating diabetic retinopathy pain.
Ways To Treat Diabetic Retinopathy Pain
French maritime pine bark extract
The extract of French maritime pine bark can be used for treating diabetic retinopathy pain. It can alleviate mild to moderate edema of the retina, which may cause eye pain. Pine bark extract is especially effective at the preproliferative stage of retinopathy when there is no hemorrhage in the retina.
The anthocyanoside extract of bilberry can reduce pressure in the eyes and arrest progression of diabetic retinopathy. Regular intake of bilberry supplement containing about 115 mg of bilberry anthocyanosides causes improvement in the vision of people with diabetic retinopathy.
By improving drainage of fluid from the eyes, bilberry helps to reduce intraocular pressure and pain associated with it. In addition, the hypoglycemic effect of bilberry leaf lowers the blood sugar level, thereby reducing the risk of diabetic retinopathy.
Grape seed extract
Plant compounds called proanthocyanidin present in grape seeds is beneficial for people suffering from diabetic retinopathy. By strengthening the fragile blood vessels, it can prevent hemorrhage.
Gingko biloba can also provide relief from diabetic retinopathy pain. It works by preventing hemorrhage that impairs vision and improves capillary blood flow rate in the retina.
Photocoagulation, also known as focal laser treatment, treats diabetic retinopathy by destroying the abnormal blood vessels in the retina by targeting laser heat on these blood vessels. This laser treatment helps to stop or reduce hemorrhage in the eye, thereby providing relief from diabetic retinopathy pain. However, immediately after treatment you may experience pain in the eyes, which can be alleviated with common pain relief medications such as acetaminophen or paracetamol.
Panretinal photocoagulation, also called scatter laser treatment, is another form of treatment for diabetic retinopathy with laser beams. In this procedure, laser heat is used to burn portions of the retina, located away from the macula. It helps to shrink the abnormal blood vessels.
Blood and fluid leaking from the abnormal blood vessels in the eye accumulates in the middle of the eye.
Blood buildup may cause eye pain. Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the blood and the scar tissues from the eyes.
Anti-VEGF injection is generally recommended for treating age-related macular degeneration. According to recent studies, it can also effectively treat diabetic retinopathy. Medication is injected into the eye to prevent blood leakage from the abnormal blood vessels. Increase in the pressure in the eye is a common side effect of anti-VEGF injection that can be reduced with further treatment.