A diabetic shock is also called as an insulin shock and occurs when the insulin levels increase at an alarming rate and cause a massive dip in the blood sugar levels. This leads to a diabetic emergency called as severe hypoglycaemia in which the person loses consciousness and goes into a coma.
It can be a life threatening condition. It generally occurs when an individual takes a large dose of insulin which causes a diabetic shock. There is very less food to balance out the high levels of insulin. No matter how serious the condition, a diabetic shock can be easily prevented.
Ways to Prevent Diabetic Shock
Being Well Versed With the Symptoms
A new diabetic may not register or recognize the early symptoms of hypoglycaemiaimmediately. This takes some time to get used to. It is always better to be well versed with and watch out for certain symptoms that are related to hypoglycaemia. These are confusion, fatigue, hunger, shakiness, excessive sweating and anxiety. Knowing these symptoms will help you to take immediate actions like intake of a well-balanced meal to offset the symptoms.
In the early stages of diabetic shock when the person has just lost consciousness, an injection of glucose can help to revive him/her and bring him/her back to consciousness. This is crucial as it prevents the occurrence of end-stage diabetic shock symptoms like seizures and death. Getting the patient to a hospital facility and giving him/her the required dosage is very important.
Monitoring Blood Sugar Levels
Insulin dependent diabetics should keep a strict check of their blood sugar levels to prevent such emergencies from arising. Invest in a good quality glucometer and use it to check your blood sugar levels at least twice or thrice a day.
A drop in the blood sugar levels should always be balanced out by taking a small, nutritious meal. This intricate balance is crucial to maintain the glucose levels in the body.
Correct Your Dose
If your insulin dose is not working out for you and is leading to large scale fluctuations, speak to your doctor. Sometimes a changed insulin dose helps. Some people may also show minor fluctuations with the brand of insulin so changing the brand may help too.
Taper Down Your Level of Activity
If you are susceptible to episodes of hypoglycaemia, you need to oversee your levels of physical activity throughout the day. Excessive exercise and physical exertion can also lead to a drop in the blood sugar levels. By reducing physical activity, the blood sugar can be brought back into control.
Stick to Regular Meals
Do not crash diet or eat three large meals. Diabetics fare well with three main meals and two snacks. These help to keep their blood sugar levels at an even keel. Eating healthy, nutritious snacks will keep your blood sugar levels constant and prevent sudden dips, which are very common during the latter half of the day.
By following the above steps, diabetic shocks can be easily prevented and the threat of a diabetic emergency is curbed.