The people suffering from type 2 Diabetes will not have any specific symptoms as such. Even if the symptoms for type 2 Diabetes are observed they may not appear very serious. The type 1Diabetes symptoms might come very suddenly and are most often very severe.
Though the initial symptoms of Diabetes do not seem harmful, delaying the diagnosis and treatment might lead to dangerous complications.
Common Symptoms of Diabetes
All of a sudden, if anyone is urinating more often and spend most of the time going to toilet, it is necessary to get the blood of that person tested for glucose levels. It is proven that more glucose in the blood will make the person to urinate more. If the insulin is not released into the blood properly, the filtering of glucose into the blood cannot be done by the kidneys. If the kidneys try to filter the glucose, back into the blood it tends to take up some water which will fill the bladder.
If the Diabetes patient is losing body water by frequent urination, then his/her body would need more water and hence the person will be thirstier. If anyone is drinking water out of intense thirst recently then he or she must be diagnosed for Diabetes.
If the insulin is not functioning in the body or if the insulin is not released at all in the body and if the body cells are not receiving any required energy, the person will try to gain more energy by taking more food. Hence, the diabetics will have heavy hunger.
Gain in Weight
The weight is added easily to the Diabetic patients as they have intense urge to eat more. This is mostly seen in type 2Diabetes.
Abnormal loss in Weight
This is common in type 1Diabetes. Due to the absence of insulin, the cells that are devoid of glucose will look for another energy sources like fats and muscle tissue.
As the onset of the type 2Diabetes is a gradual process and the type 1 is sudden, the loss in weight can be noticed very clearly.
The lack of insulin in the body will not supply the cells with enough glucose. Hence, the person will feel tired and with muscle fatigue.
The Diabetic person will feel irritated probably due to loss of energy.
Blurred vision might be caused when the eye lens tissue is pulled. This pull will influence the focusing ability of the eyes. The situation might further lead to the prolonged vision problems.
The Bruises and Cuts are Not Healed Quickly
The cuts and wounds will take more time to get healed in the Diabetic patient. The more amount of glucose in the body makes the wounds not getting healed quickly.
The Diabetics will not be able to recover from the infections as there is more sugar in the body. The Diabetic women will find it very difficult to get rid of the infections at vagina and bladder.
Itchy Skin Surface
Sometimes, diabetic patients will experience the feeling of itchiness on the skin.
Reddish and Swollen Gums
Diabetes people will have their gums very tender, which is the sign of diabetes. The teeth also become loose and the gums will pull away from the teeth. The person will also be prone to develop any gum disease or gum infection.
Sexual Dysfunction in Men
Men around the age of fifty will experience sexual dysfunction constantly and this might be due to the Diabetes.
Numbness in the Hands and Feet
The presence of more sugar in the body will damage the nerves as well as the blood vessels that serve those nerves. This will lead to tingling or numbness of the feet and hands in diabetics.
Diagnosis of Diabetes
The following tests are used for diagnosis of diabetes
Fasting plasma glucose (FPG test) levels in the blood of diabetic patient will measure the blood glucose when the person has not taken anything for about eight hours. Diabetes and pre-diabetes can be tested using this test.
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is used to measure blood glucose levels after the eight hours of fasting and also two hours after the person takes in glucose beverage. Diabetes and pre-diabetes are tested using this test. Three days before the test, the person has to take carbohydrates of about 150 grams per day.
Random plasma glucose test is also known as casual plasma glucose test. This is done irrespective of the time at which the person has taken food. This test is used for the diagnosis of diabetes and not pre-diabetes.