Also known as a hypoglycemic attack, a diabetic attack is caused by the unusually low blood sugar levels. An insulin injection, too much physical activity or irregular meal times may cause the diabetic attack. Blood sugar provides the body energy and allows the different parts of the body to function properly.
When the blood sugar level crashes below the regular levels it causes a host of health problems including a number of cognitive changes. Identifying the signs of a diabetic attack can help in providing adequate treatment to the patient and prevent further complications like unconsciousness and seizures.
How to Identify the Signs of a Diabetic Attack
Confusion and Dizziness
When the blood sugar levels fall, the brain is starved of the essential glucose that it needs for functioning properly. This results in a number of mental changes including confusion and dizziness. The patient starts feeling light headed and weak. He or she may have difficulty speaking and seem confused and disoriented.
Certain behavioral symptoms like irritability and frequent mood swings can also be observed. They may forget certain things or not be able to recall certain incidents. Vision changes like blurred vision are also observed in certain cases. As the condition worsens the patient becomes lethargic, weak and may even lose consciousness.
A patient suffering from diabetic attack will sweat profusely which can leave him or her trembling. They would start looking pale and extremely weak.
Sweating can also be observed when the patient suffering from a hypoglycemic attack is sleeping. It can result in irritability, fatigue even after sleep and nightmares.
Excessive Hunger and Thirst
When the glucose levels are low the body uses the fluid from the cells and the tissues for hydration. This can leave the patient extremely thirsty and hungry. Moreover, urination also increases thus leaving the body dehydrated and extremely weak. The body needs the fuel to carry on and a patient thus starts feeling extremely hungry.
To alleviate these problems some amount of sugar or other carbohydrates can be given to the patient. Sugar dissolved in water, glucose, biscuits and chocolates can provide some relief before taking medical assistance.
Seizures and Coma
If proper medical attention is not paid then the patient might suffer from seizures. This happens when the brain does not receive proper signals needed for its functioning. The patient having seizures during a diabetic attack would fall on the floor and start convulsing by throwing their hands and legs around. In extreme cases the person may lapse into a diabetic coma as well.
Providing immediate medical aid is the only way to avoid the extreme complications caused by diabetic attack. While mild attacks can be alleviated with sugary drinks and juices, for extreme cases immediate medical attention is necessary. The doctor will inject glucagon to the person to relieve the symptoms. Avoid these attacks by keeping your blood sugar levels in check and taking regular meals.