Diabetes is classified under two main heads, the type-1 or juvenile onset diabetes and the type-2 or adult onset diabetes. There are other types of diabetes also, like type 1.5 diabetes and gestational diabetes, but either they are not so commonplace, or not very long lasting. As far as middle aged women are concerned, they can either have gestational diabetes or type 2 diabetes.
The symptoms of gestational diabetes develop during pregnancy and are gone once the pregnancy is over, while the type 2 diabetes symptoms last lifelong. Middle aged women have the maximum risk of developing type-2 diabetes, especially those, who have previously experienced gestational diabetes, or are obese. Having unhealthy lifestyle, with improper diet, unhealthy sleeping habits, and less physical activities also cause type 2 diabetes in middle aged women.
Signs & Symptoms of Diabetes
Excessive hunger is one of major symptoms of diabetes in middle aged women. It happens as the body cells are not able to generate enough energy as they lack in glucose. To fulfill the daily needs of energy they demand for more glucose, by triggering the hunger centre of your body. This leads to a constant feeling of hunger, even if you keep on eating the entire day.
Unquenchable Thirst and Frequent Urination
Polydipsia or excessive thirst, and polyurea or excessive urination, are the common symptoms of every kind of diabetes. These symptoms occur as the increased blood glucose level takes out the fluid from your tissues. So, the tissues become dehydrated and you feel the need to drink more and more water to keep them hydrated.
In this condition, the load on kidneys also increases and they have to work extra to throw the excess glucose and water out of the system. This leads to frequent urination and you have increased visits to the toilet.
Increased Frequency of Infections
The high blood sugar levels weaken the immune system of diabetic women. Also, high blood sugar levels attract more pathogens and microbes from the environment. This leads to increased frequency of infections, especially vaginal infections caused due to yeast. Skin complicationsalso become commonplace in diabetic women and the skin may become dry and rough.
Not only infections become a frequent occurrence, but their healing time also increases and they take longer than usual to heal. Even a small bruise or cut may take weeks to heal, as blood glucose hinders the process of healing.
Continuous Feeling of Tiredness and Fatigue
Women having diabetes always feel tired and are not able to indulge in physical labor for long. This happens as the body cells do not get enough of glucose, so they are not able to generate ample amount of energy. Due to less energy production body remains fatigued and the person feels tired throughout the day.
Numbness of Limbs
The nerves are damaged due to high blood glucose levels in diabetic women. The most prominent impact is seen on the nerves running through the limbs, especially feet. This causes numbness and a continuous tingling sensation in limbs.
Problems with Eyesight
The high blood glucose levels damage the blood vessels providing nourishment to the eye area. This causes temporary or permanent damage to the retina of the eye and may cause blurred vision.