The care for people suffering from diabetes is associated with creating an adequate ratio between the intake of carbohydrates, exercising and the amount of insulin (or sugar-lowering tablets) administered.
Dietotherapy. Reducing the intake of carbohydrates, controlling the amount of carbohydrates in food. It is an auxiliary method which brings effect only in combination with proper drug treatment.
Physical exercising. Ensuring an adequate ratio of work and rest, losing weight till the optimal level, daily control of energy consumption.
Hygiene. Personal hygiene of a diabetic person is also a factor you should take into consideration when providing care. This is especially true for people who cannot move on their own and spend much time on a bed. You should wash their feet, toes and hands daily, prevent bed sores, wash their skin and dry it with a soft towel. You can learn all proper caring techniques on www.topcnaclasses.com.
Insulin replacement therapy. Selection of basic level of long-acting insulin and reduction of blood glucose peaks after eating with short and ultrashort-acting insulin.
Drug therapy for patients with type II diabetes includes a large group of drugs selected and prescribed by a therapist.
Patients suffering from diabetes need to constantly monitor their vitals.
Blood sugar test is a must for type 1 diabetes patients: it needs to be done once a week in the morning. If necessary, it might be done during a day: before each meal and 2 hours after meals – early in the morning and at night.
For type 2 diabetes, taking blood sugar test several times a month at different times of a day is enough. If a patient doesn’t feel good – tests should be taken more often.
For your convenience, you can buy a diary where you can record not only the blood sugar level, time and date, but also medication doses and the meals eaten.
More accurate and modern way of determining the approximate concentration of glucose in the blood implies using a glucometer. All it takes is to put a drop of blood on a disposable indicator plate attached to the glucose biosensor apparatus, and after a few seconds you will see the concentration of glucose in the blood (glycemia).
Changes in body weight. It is necessary to check patient’s weigh every day in order to monitor the effectiveness of treatment and calculate insulin dosages.
Measuring sugar levels in urine. This test requires the use of test strips. You will need a sample of urine collected either the day before or take a sample that has not been in a bladder for long (after urinating, you need to drink a glass of water, urinate again after half an hour and take a sample).
Glycated hemoglobin index test is taken on a quarterly basis according to biochemical blood analysis.