Top 5 Causes Of Diabetes In Infants

Diabetes in infants or the Type 1 diabetes is a severe medical condition that degrades the capacity of the body to process blood sugar. It is commonly known as the juvenile diabetes. It is an autoimmune ailment in which the body’s immune system tends to destroy the cells, which help producing the required insulin in the body. Insulin is a significant hormone as it aids in distributing glucose to different cells of our body.

Diagnosing diabetes in infants can be tricky because of their inability to explain their ailments to anyone. In most problems, kids would cry and parents would need to guess what may hurt them because of which the baby is restless. However, it is important to be aware of the different causes that can lead to diabetes in infants.

Knowing The Causes Of Diabetes In Infants


The most crucial factor that can cause diabetes in children is believed to be inherited. Genetics can play an important role in causing this chronic disease in infants. Infants, who have a family history of diabetes, are considered to be at a greater risk than those babies who do not have any case of diabetes in their immediate families.

In case of twins, if one kid is diagnosed with diabetes, there is about 40-50 chance that the other kid may or may not suffer from diabetes. This indicates that hereditary or genetics alone cannot lead to diabetes. There are several cases where kids with a family history of diabetes do not report to have diabetes. When genetic history of diabetes combines with several other factors, it leads to diabetes in infants.

Environmental Factors

The environmental factors such as the existence of several viruses like rubella, chicken pox, mumps, coxsackie B, and Epstein-Barr are considered to cause diabetes in infants. These viruses attack the cells in pancreas, which adversely affects the production of insulin in the body.

Breast Feeding Termination

Termination of breast feeding in the early stages of an infant’s growing period and introduction of cow’s milk, or milk formula made of cow’s milk can lead to diabetes in infants. It is essential for a baby to be strictly on mother’s milk because it is believed to be the best food for a new born.

Doctors suggest feeding the baby with mother’s milk for at least first six months. However, if you are unable to do so for six long months, at least you should continue breast feeding your baby for first four months. This can help a lot in minimizing the risks of juvenile diabetes in your baby.

Introduction Of Other Foods

Introducing baby cereals with rice or gluten before the age of 3 months can increase the chances of causing diabetes in infants. It is very important to choose baby food with utmost care.

It helps to read all the ingredients of the baby food before introducing them as a daily food for the infants. In case you are not sure of any ingredient in the baby food, make sure you check with the pediatrician to avoid any health problem for the baby.

Other Causes

In addition to hereditary and environmental factors, there are certain other factors that can contribute to cause diabetes in infants. Some harmful chemicals and food ingredients can also lead to juvenile diabetes. There could be some drugs such as streptozotocin and pentamidine that can also cause diabetes in infants.

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