Diabetes mellitus (DM) or commonly known as Diabetes is a medical condition in which the body cannot regulate the amount of glucose or sugar in the patient’s bloodstream. With large release of glucose in the blood stream along with the lack of proper insulin released by pancreas, the body is unable to break down the sugar into energy.
Sometimes either the body does not produce insulin at all or its produced is small quantities than normal. In both the cases, the glucose or the blood sugar levels in the body rise that is known as diabetes. Diabetes is essentially divided into two categories Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 2 Diabetes
People with type-2 diabetes are still able to produce insulin at diagnosis. However, the insulin they produce is unable to perform its primary job — helping the body’s cells use glucose for energy. One of the major factors for the rapid increase in type-2 diabetes is the increasing sedentary lifestyles and obesity.
In contrast to Type-1, with Type-2 the symptoms are very slow and people can have diabetes for 10 years without realizing. Type II diabetes has become the most common form of diabetes, affecting 85-90% of all people with diabetes.
Causes of Type II Diabetes
Unlike Type 1 diabetes, where the exact cause remains largely unknown, causes of Type 2 diabetes are very defined. Although Type 2 diabetes has strong genetic links that makes it run into families, more and more young adults with no family history of the disease are also being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mainly due to unhealthy lifestyles. Some of the major contributing factors leading to type II diabetes include:
Common Causes of Type II Diabetes
Lifestyle with a high alcohol intake is one of the major contributing causes for developing type II diabetes in adults.
High Fat Diet
A regular intake of High-fat diet or sedentary lifestyle without any exercises leading to being overweight or obese is also one of the major causes for developing type II diabetes.
High Blood Pressure
Patients with high blood pressure also have an advanced chance of developing type II diabetes compared to others.
Increasing age is a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes especially after the age of 45 years.
Certain ethnic groups, such as African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Japanese Americans, have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than non-Hispanic whites.
Always remeber that if you are suffering from diabetes kindly ensure that you are eating a healthy well balanced diet at regular times. Staying hungry for long periods of time is an absolute no for anyone with any kind of diabetes. In additional to the dietary changes it is also suggested that you bring small but important changes to your lifestyle by stopping smoking if you do and adding some sort of an exercise schedule in your daily routine. Making these small but useful changes in your daily lives would go a long way in controlling your blood glucose levels better.