Type 2 diabetes is characterized by high glucose levels in the blood. Therefore, its treatment should be such that the glucose level is reduced as well as maintained at the desired level. So, one of the treatments for monitoring and controlling the blood glucose level is to have a balanced, healthy diet that also is effective in controlling your weight.
Now, this diet will not only include the foods to eat, but will also point out to foods that a patient of type 2 diabetes must not eat. Usually, the diabetics should maintain their glucose level at 140 mg/dL or below after a meal. Therefore, selecting the right foods and avoiding the ones that leads to an instant rise in your glucose level go together! So, here are some foods that you need to avoid to keep the reaction of glucose shoot after a meal at bay.
Foods that Cause Glucose Problems for Type 2 Diabetics
As the name suggest, these are sugar-featured, low-carb foods that lead to a sharp rise in the blood sugar level. They also contribute a lot to weight gain problems, and as such have no nutritious value at all! In short, having these foods tend to worsen the condition of diabetes and invite further complications.
Well, the list of such foods is really long: Sweets, soda, cakes, candies, desserts, cookies, and so on. You need to replace them by fruits such as oranges, apples, and berries; as these are high-quality carb foods with abundant fiber that alleviate the process of absorbing glucose.
Read again, it’s fruit juices, and not fruits! Even 100% pure fruit juice should not be a part of your meals. This is because fruit juices are a rich source of concentrated sugar that causes the sugar level to shoot up. Still if you crave for drinks for some refreshment, a naturally flavored seltzer with some lime is fine.
White Flour and Rice
These are refined starches that tend to trigger sugar-like effects during the digestion process. This means that these foods will surely shoot up your glucose levels.
Medically, anything made up from white flour such as pasta and bread as well as white rice are high glycemic foods rating anywhere from 70 to 100, which indicates an instant rise in the glucose level after consumption. Therefore, it is good to replace them with whole grains, such as barley, high-fiber cereals, brown rice, and whole-grain breads.
Dairy Products and Meat
These foods are high in saturated fat content that tends to increase your ‘bad’ cholesterol levelsas well as the chances of heart disease. However, in people suffering from diabetes, these foods can exacerbate insulin resistance, according to several studies.
Therefore, it is best to replace these foods with low-fat or fat-free milk products and lean proteins such as quinoa, black beans, and oatmeal. According to a 2012 publication by the experts of American Association of Diabetes, a low-fat diet, especially the plant-based one helps a lot in controlling the sugar level in those suffering from type 2 diabetes.
Do not be surprised to know that patients of type diabetes should lower the intake of starchy vegetables such as peas, potato, sweet potato, corn, and winter squash. Although vegetables are full of minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants, starchy vegetables tend to act more like carbohydrates and increase the level of blood sugar.
Studies have shown that alcohol has the power to spike the sugar levels. Therefore, it is best not to have it at all during your treatment regimen. In case you crave, moderate the intake up to one glass a day.