Type 2 diabetes is the wider form of diabetes affecting people, especially in America. Many people are not aware of the risk factors and complications which type 2 diabetes mellitus can bring along with, both in the short and long run.This can make matters worse because ignorance or lack of knowledge is a dangerous thing.
Children are unfortunate sufferers of this form of diabetes where insulin is not produced/utilized appropriately within the body. Consequently, glucose (sugar) cannot get into the body’s cells and their functioning gets impaired.
Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
During the past several years, the incidence of type 2 diabetes has increased. Type 2 diabetes is an outcome of a combination of lifestyle and genetic elements. Many of them can be controlled when you know what puts your health at risk for the illness and the adverse effects which are likely to come.
For many people, being diagnosed with diabetes can be a shocker. It may create an overwhelming reaction creating apprehensiveness of the long-term health outcomes and effects on everyday life. Being diagnosed with diabetes may not only affect you but your loved ones as well who now need to be aware of your additional medical and non-medical needs in living a healthy life. Even though type 2 diabetes is the form affecting most people suffering from diabetes, it is possible to lead a healthy and active life with minimum complications with the right resources like appropriate information and support.
Diabetes poses the risk for many conditions mainly because due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels. Primary risky conditions in the category are heart illnesses.
With time, the high glucose levels in the blood can cause damage to the nerves and small blood vessels affecting the eyes, kidney and heart. This damage can also appear as atherosclerosis, or hardening of the large arteries, making way for heart attack and stroke.
Other long term complications can appear as poor circulation (leading to amputation), diabetic retinopathy, kidney failure and ketoacidosis. Type 2 diabetes can also reduce life expectancy by about 10 years and can be especially concerning for the health and well being of children. Type 2 diabetes can increase the risk of cognitive dysfunction and dementia. It is also a factor for sexual dysfunction.
A person having type 2 diabetes can become critically ill and experience coma. Severe illness may develop into a life-threatening complication. Type 2 diabetes, also referred to as non-insulin dependent diabetes, can pose problems in the short run also.
Hyperglycemia is an outcome arising out of an excessively raised blood sugar level in diabetes. Hyperglycemic crises are not rare in people with type 2 diabetes.
Due to the buildup of sugar in blood, there can be increased urination causing the kidneys to lose glucose (through urine). Thereby, considerable amount of water can get lost from the body causing dehydration.
It is practically feasible for people with type 2 diabetes to lead an active life with limited medical intervention. Some people may even not remain drug-dependant if they bring in favorable lifestyle changes. Weight management is an important aspect of managing and living with type 2 diabetes as it promotes the body to utilize insulin appropriately.