Type 2 diabetes or commonly known as diabetes mellitus can result in several types of complications. Even circulatory problems may be originated, if the disease is not properly cured. It attacks the cardiovascular system causing heart disease, high blood pressure and even resulting in damage of blood vessels.
Diabetes results in hardening and thickening of the vessel walls, thus narrowing up of the blood vessels. Atherosclerosis is the formation of plaques in the blood vessels, another circulatory problem of diabetes. Diabetes results in narrowing or shortening of the blood vessels, however wide or narrow they might be.
This results in a reduction in the blood supply due to the formation of sugar based complexes in these areas. Due to the excess deposits of fats and glucose, atherosclerosis occurs, resulting in formation of plaques, leading to more decrease in blood flow to the arteries. Additionally diabetes also leads to inflammation of the blood vessels, also increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Circulatory Complications Of Diabetes
Heart attack is quite frequent in diabetes cases. The risk of a heart attack increases to such an extent as to a patient who has already suffered from one. Due to high level of glucose decomposition, there is a reduced oxygen rich blood supply to the heart by the coronary arteries.
Hence, heart attack may be caused. Chest pain may also happen due to the decreased blood supply. Clogged arteries are one of the prime reasons for a heart attack.
Brain Complications- Stroke
If the glucose levels in the blood is not stable and cannot be controlled in diabetes, blood circulation may be affected in the brain. The blood vessels in the brain may undergo clogging due to the decomposition of glucose. Numbness or weakening of any side of the body, poor memory retention, confusion described as some of the basic symptoms of stroke may be due to diabetes. A patient suffering from diabetes should immediately consult a doctor if he or she experiences such symptoms.
The regular supply of oxygen rich blood or pure blood to the nerves, help them function effectively. However, high level of glucose can clog arteries feeding the blood and hence cause nervous damage to feet, arms, stomach or other organs. Circulatory problems due to nerve disease include vomiting, nausea, constipation or unfelt cuts in the legs.
Numbness in the feet and arm areas is experienced due to a lack of circulation due to diabetes. In such situations, the patient must immediately consult the specialist.
Hitches Due To Poor Circulation In Diabetes
One of the complications involving poor circulation due to diabetes is the existence of extreme pain. Pain due to walking, chest pain during tough exercises, infections in the foot area due to decreased blood flow and many other circulation complexities arise from diabetes. Poor circulation may result in improper fluid loss or fluid retention and hence leading to permanent kidney damage.
Leg amputation due to an increased possibility of infection is also one of the biggest risks involved in diabetic patients. Circulations problem arising from diabetes increases disability as well as may potentially complicate life survival. If maintenance is not properly done, glucose levels may manifold, and may even be fatal.